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Book review
Iraq, IS and the failing war on terror

28/08/2016: Published earlier this year before the Chilcot report was finally released, Blood Year by counter-insurgency strategist David Kilcullen is a damning indictment of the so-called war on terror unleased by US imperialism in 2001, with the full support of Tony Blair.

  Iraq, Middle East

Haiti
225th anniversary of anti-slavery, anti-colonial revolution

27/08/2016: A heroic and lasting inspiration to the oppressed everywhere

  Haiti

Scotland
Will the Corbyn uprising save Scottish Labour?

27/08/2016: Lessons of indyref and need for active anti-cuts policies

  Scotland

Greece
Athens bus cleaners win major victory

26/08/2016: Struggle achieves public contracts for 100s cleaning workers

  Greece

Russia
Twenty five years since the coup against Gorbachev

25/08/2016: Decades of ‘shock therapy capitalism’, wars and corruption

  Russia

Chile
Up to 2 million march against pensions robbery

24/08/2016: General strike threatened for 4 November as protests grow

  Chile

Quebec
Montreal workers strike for $15 an hour

22/08/2016: "Company totally underestimated workers’ determination"

  Quebec

 Video
Militant, Liverpool and Trotskyism today

22/08/2016: Russia Today covers historic Liverpool battle, led by the CWI in Britain

  Trotsky, Video

US
Build a new party of the 99%

21/08/2016: Support Jill Stein

  US

Middle East
ISIS’ waning “caliphate”

20/08/2016: Imperialist solutions are no solution at all

  Middle East

Russia
Twenty fifth anniversary of attempted coup

19/08/2016: Attempted Stalinist counter-revolution speeds up capitalist counter-revolution

  Russia

US
Trump in trouble

17/08/2016: Political polarisation deepens

  US

Philippines
Is Duterte following in Marcos’ footsteps?

16/08/2016: New president threatens martial law while leaning on ‘left’ parties for support

  Philippines

Britain
The Corbyn insurgency 2.0

15/08/2016: Now let’s finish the job

  Britain

 Video
Socialist Party general secretary Peter Taaffe on Channel 4

14/08/2016: Socialist party media coverage amid accusations of Trotskyist "entryism"

  Video

 Video
CWI around the world

13/08/2016: Video shown at the CWI Summer school of some sections’ activities

  CWI, Video

Quebec
World Social Forum 2016

13/08/2016: Tens of thousands of activists from around the world gather WSF in Montreal, 9-14 August

  Canada, Quebec

Hong Kong
Multinational MTR takes socialist Sally Tang Mei-ching to court

12/08/2016: Political motives behind ‘David versus Goliath’ trial

  Hong Kong

Britain
#KeepCorbyn - stand firm for socialism

10/08/2016: The fight for a Labour Party for the working class

  Britain

South Africa
Local elections a thunderous rebuke for ANC

09/08/2016: ANC polls less than 60% for first time since end of apartheid

  Africa, South Africa

Zimbabwe
Mugabe must fall!

05/08/2016: Mass revolt shakes the regime to its foundations

  Zimbabwe

The Olympics, big business and dictatorship

04/08/2016: A short history of the Olympics:

  History

 CWI Summer school
Brazil

04/08/2016: New cycle of struggle following right-wing parliamentary coup

  Brazil, CWI

 CWI Summer School
Economic instability, inter-imperialist tensions, workers struggles’ and political earthquakes

03/08/2016: Report of the discussion on world perspectives at the recent CWI Summer School

  CWI, Turkey

 CWI Summer School 2016
Fighting racism and the far right 

02/08/2016: Capitalist crisis and anti-immigrant reaction

  CWI

Germany
‘Brexit’ and the German Left

30/07/2016: Reject the bosses’ EU! For a Europe of working people - a voluntary socialist federation

  Germany

US
Most contentious Democratic Convention since 1968

29/07/2016: We need a new party of the 99% to defeat the billionaire class

  US

 Cameroon
Free jailed Buea activists!

28/07/2016: 100 protest outside the court demanding release of the 15

  Cameroon, Solidarity

Cote d’Ivoire
Protests against electricity prices

28/07/2016: The straw that broke the camel’s back!

  Ivory Coast

US
A call to action

27/07/2016: Walk out from the Democratic National Convention!

  US

Italy

Anti-immigrant violence and riots explode against the background of economic crisis

www.socialistworld.net, 19/01/2010
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

United class response needed to prevent unleashing of racism

Cedric Gerome, CWI

The anger felt by hundreds of African immigrants exploded on Thursday 7 January in Rosarno, a small town in the largely impoverished, agricultural region of Calabria, in Southern Italy. This followed a racist provocation by local young people, who shot with an air gun at a group of immigrant farm workers on the way back from work. This incident was the detonator for riots and protests, with some immigrants clashing for hours with the police and local inhabitants, breaking shop windows, burning and smashing cars with sticks, etc. Subsequently, a brutal witch-hunt followed against the immigrants, undertaken by some local inhabitants, including savage beatings with iron bars, and immigrants being knocked down deliberately by cars. More than 60 people were injured in what were probably the most violent racial clashes which have taken place in Italy for years. A number of immigrant workers fled the city, while more than one thousand of those remaining were put by the police in buses and trains to be evacuated over the weekend to detention centres in Crotone, Bari and Brindisi. The immigrants’ makeshift encampments were subsequently bulldozed.

’Modern Slave Labour’ for the Mafia

The recent events in Rosarno have, first of all, revealed the terrible conditions facing immigrant workers in Southern Italy. In their protest, some of the immigrants carried placards saying, “We are not animals”. Immigrants in this area are living and working in near slave conditions, over-exploited by local bosses and severely controlled by the ‘Ndrangheta’, the Calabrian Mafia, who use them as a very cheap and pliable labour force, without any rights. As was pointed out by a 30-year-old worker from Ghana, interviewed by the Italian newspaper, “Il Manifesto”, “We are treated like beasts. We work so much; at the present time, I harvest mandarins and oranges, and I receive 20 euros for the whole day.” The same newspaper revealed that, according to an investigation in May 2009, these workers“were beaten in the case of any slowing down of the rhythm of harvesting the fruit”.

Clashes in Rosarno

Calabria is home to some 20,000 illegal immigrants, according to the CGIL trade union. Most of them work as seasonal labourers, picking fruit and vegetables. In Rosarno alone, 1,500 were living in abandoned factories, with no running water, sanitation or electricity. They were employed, most of them illegally, to be paid 20-25 euros (sometimes less) for 12 to 14 hours work a day. As was recently reported by the human rights group, Médecins Sans Frontières, “Many of them are affected by respiratory and muscular problems because of their unhealthy living conditions and long working hours.”

Rosarno is only the tip of the iceberg of an immense system of fraud and exploitation in which the Mafia is playing a central role, relying on the subjugation of this very cheap workforce for the maximisation of their profits. This, among other diverse activities, like international drug and arms trafficking, public works fraud and prostitution, represents a very lucrative business for organised crime. Official estimates indicate that the ’Ndrangheta’ made Euro 44 billion (more than $60 billion) profits in 2008 alone.

The economic crisis has only contributed to worsening the immigrants’ situation even further. Because of the decline of the prices of citrus fruits, and the flood of the Italian market by cheap imported fruit from abroad (notably Spanish oranges and Brazilian orange juice), a lot of owners in the area decided that these immigrant workers were not profitable anymore, or that their wages needed to be driven down further. Here is manifested once again the absurdity of the blind market system: since the owners received European Union subsidies for every cultivated hectare, it has become sometimes more profitable to let the fruits rot on the trees, than to pay workers to harvest them.

For the above reasons, the involvement of the local mafia in orchestrating the racist attacks and feeding the explosion of violence in order to “clean up the place” and maintain its control over the area, fearing social agitation, is far from excluded. But whatever the role of the mafia in these events has been, their political and social implications are much wider. They must serve as a warning to the working class, in Italy and internationally, of the dangers that could develop in the present period of historical crisis of world capitalism, if the rising social anger and frustration is not assisted by a positive programme and a conscious collective struggle to change society along socialist lines.

Thousands attend local demonstration

“We are not racists”

Commenting on the Rosarno events, the Osservatore Romano, the Vatican’s newspaper, came out denouncing “the racism of the Italian people”, and criticising the fact that “the value of the mixing of different races has still not been understood”. As if the present situation, in one of the poorest regions of Italy hit hard by poverty and mass unemployment - at about 25%, the worst rate in the whole country - was a haven of peace and well-being!

It is true, however, that racist attacks and violence have been on the rise in Italy in the recent period. Nevertheless, this can hardly be explained by the simplistic view that “Italian people are racists”. The worsening social conditions, the lack of jobs, the systematic attacks on living standards, and the gloomy future offered by the capitalist crisis, combined with the lack of a viable alternative on the left, have opened a vacuum. Racist propaganda and projecting blame for the crisis onto immigrants are feeding on this.

Significantly, on Monday 11 January, several thousand people from Rosarno - out of a population of 15,000 - demonstrated in the streets of their town, with some immigrants of African origin at the head of the march, rejecting the accusations of “racism” against them, with some accusing the State of having abandoned them to their problems, and done absolutely nothing about the disastrous conditions in which the immigrants were forced to live. This kind of reaction is an indication that the violent racist attacks committed by some inhabitants are not widely accepted by the local population.

Contrary to what the Vatican’s statement suggests, racism is not a problem of a lack of moral virtue. It is a social problem, rooted in the class-based and divide-and-rule policy of capitalist society. As Malcolm X pointed out, “you cannot have capitalism without racism”. In the absence of a united struggle for decent jobs and living standards, the unprecedented increase of immigrant workers fleeing the misery of the neo-colonial world, in the context of the economic crisis, can only become a factor of growing tensions and competition for jobs between the immigrants and the local inhabitants. According to “Le Monde”, for the year 2009 alone, Italy has registered a 75% increase in immigration arrivals.

The only ones who profit from these divisions are the bosses and the Mafia, using this “war of the poor against the poor” to increase the exploitation of labour and maintain their rule over the economy. The vulnerable and insecure position in which most immigrant workers are forced to live constitutes an integral part of this process. “In reality people who came to Italy illegally make up a big part of its 5 million-strong immigrant population. Many sustain parts of the economy that would otherwise be uncompetitive”, commented ‘The Economist’.

Police clash with immigrant demonstrators

Race riots: the government’s policy has opened up a Pandora’s box

Following the events in Rosarno, Home Affairs Minister, Roberto Maroni, from the anti-immigrant party, the Northern League (coalition partner of the Berlusconi government), said that this violence was a result of “years of excessive tolerance” of illegal workers in Italy. He then added that the government will eventually deport all illegal immigrants who took part in the riots. In fact, many of the immigrants were legally in Italy, some having moved south when they lost their jobs in factories in the north because of the economic crisis.

Over the last two years, the right-wing Italian government has deployed a long series of harshly repressive and racist measures against immigrants, which can hardly be described as “excessive tolerance”. These include the legalisation of ‘civilian patrols’ to control the immigrants, the forcing of public officials to inform on un-documented refugees, the organisation of punitive raids against gypsy camps, the criminalization of those helping ‘illegal’ workers, with the threat of a 3 year prison sentence, or the forced turning back on the open seas of boats with refugees arriving on Italian coasts, thus denying refugees the right to claim asylum.

The Berlusconi government and the Northern League have been at the forefront of consciously fuelling racism against immigrants, exploiting the fears of Italian workers and the lack of a collective response to the social problems from workers organisations. Minister for reform and founder of the Northern League, Umberto Bossi, has been reported on several occasions as nicknaming African migrants ‘Bingo-Bongos”, in reference to a 1982-movie from which the main character was an ape-man. In “Il Sole 24 Ore”, the main newspaper owned by Berlusconi, the term “Negro” is commonly used to describe the African immigrants.

Recently, the local council of the Northern town of Coccaglio launched an immigrant purge under the cynical name of “White Christmas”, consisting an officially-sanctioned drive to identify and expel as many non-Europeans as possible before Christmas. The town’s Northern League Mayor, Franco Claretti, declared “We just want to start cleaning the place up.”

This kind of campaign, combined with an increasing social crisis and casualisation of labour, heavily encouraged by the government and pushed along by the economic downturn, as well as the total impunity with which the Mafia imposes its strong grip on the economic structure of Southern Italy, have contributed to create an explosive cocktail, of which what happened in Rosarno is a direct result. The government is now cynically attempting to exploit this to tighten up further its policy against immigrants, in an increasing campaign to provide a scapegoat for the country’s economic demise and deflect blame away from the capitalists.

On 8 January, all state schools received a document giving some “guidelines for integration of immigrant students”. This includes the introduction of a maximum cap of 30% of immigrant students to be accepted in state schools. Since then, some leaders of the Northern League have added their own statements proposing other very imaginative ideas, like train carriages available for Italian people only, or restriction access to the social security system for “native Italians”.

In reaction to this, the leader of the main opposition, Democratic Party (PD) Pier Luigi Bersani, accused the Northern League of blaming illegal immigration and denounced its racist stand. However, while in power, the centre-left, elected on the promise of reversing the anti-immigration laws adopted during the previous legislature (notably the Bossi-Fini law, which facilitates the expulsion of immigrants from the country) has done absolutely nothing in this respect.

Immigrant camps bulldozed

Only a united struggle of the working class can stop racism and prevent ‘new Rosarnos’

Capitalism is responsible for what happened in Rosarno. The economic crisis is causing rocketing unemployment and spreading misery around the world. Racist and reactionary politicians will inevitably use the immigration issue to divert attention, divide the working class and prevent a common struggle of exploited workers and youth which could threaten the privileges and position of the capitalist ruling elite.

In Vic, a city in the eastern Catalonia region of Spain, the town’s administration has launched a plan to stop allowing immigrants, who make up roughly a quarter of the population of 40,000, to register as residents and to deny them the right to access healthcare and other services.

If the workers’ leaders fail to put forward a political way out and prevent this kind of racist policy being implemented, the ground will be prepared for new racial explosions, such as the events in Rosarno. The collapse of the left in Italy, illustrated by the fall of support for the PRC (‘Party of Communist Re-foundation’) because of its compromising positions and its endorsement of neo-liberal policies, has been one of the main reasons for the increase of the votes for the right parties and the Northern League, the latter having exploited the fears of the workers in order to raise its anti-immigrant agenda.

The fact that immigrants eventually reacted against the local inhabitants in Rosarno could have been avoided if the union leaderships had organised a proper campaign to defend their rights, linking their struggle to the demands of the wider working class. A clear strategy and programme is urgently needed to fight against the real enemy: the capitalist class and the mafia organisations. A common struggle of all workers, whatever their origins or nationalities, is urgently needed; a struggle for jobs, decent housing and better living standards for all, refusing to accept that the capitalist crisis should be paid for by anyone of us. This must include an implacable fight for the withdrawal of all the racist laws implemented by the government, which can only weaken the working class’ resistance and be used to undermine the democratic rights of all.



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NEWS

Scotland: Will the Corbyn uprising save Scottish Labour?
27/08/2016, Philip Stott, Socialist Party Scotland (CWI) :
Lessons of indyref and need for active anti-cuts policies

Greece: Athens bus cleaners win major victory
26/08/2016, Interview with Eleni Mitsou (Xekinima - CWI Greece) and Apostolis Cassimere’s (Board Member of OASA - Athens Bus Workers’ Union):
Struggle achieves public contracts for 100s cleaning workers

Pakistan: Vindictive management suspend and transfer Sindh teachers
24/08/2016, CWI Reporters, Sindh :
Solidarity protests needed!

Chile: Up to 2 million march against pensions robbery
24/08/2016, Socialismo Revolucionario (CWI in Chile) reporters:
General strike threatened for 4 November as protests grow

Britain: Answer right’s attacks with firm socialist programme
23/08/2016, Editorial from the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
#KeepCorbyn

Quebec: Montreal workers strike for $15 an hour
22/08/2016, Interview with Jacques Fontaine, a striking worker at the Old Port of Montreal:
"Company totally underestimated workers’ determination"

Video: Militant, Liverpool and Trotskyism today
22/08/2016, socialistworld.net:
Russia Today covers historic Liverpool battle, led by the CWI in Britain

US: Build a new party of the 99%
21/08/2016, Joshua Koritz, Socialist Alternative, USA:
Support Jill Stein

Philippines: Is Duterte following in Marcos’ footsteps?
16/08/2016, Vincent Kolo (CWI) interviews Philippines-based socialist, Gabriel:
New president threatens martial law while leaning on ‘left’ parties for support

Video: Socialist Party general secretary Peter Taaffe on Channel 4
14/08/2016, Socialistworld.net:
Socialist party media coverage amid accusations of Trotskyist "entryism"

Video: CWI around the world
13/08/2016, socialistworld.net:
Video shown at the CWI Summer school of some sections’ activities

Quebec: World Social Forum 2016
13/08/2016, socialistworld.net:
Tens of thousands of activists from around the world gather WSF in Montreal, 9-14 August

Hong Kong: Multinational MTR takes socialist Sally Tang Mei-ching to court
12/08/2016, Socialist Action reporters (CWI in Hong Kong):
Political motives behind ‘David versus Goliath’ trial

Britain: #KeepCorbyn - stand firm for socialism
10/08/2016, Editorial from the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
The fight for a Labour Party for the working class

South Africa: Local elections a thunderous rebuke for ANC
09/08/2016, Weizmann Hamilton, Workers and Socialist Party (CWI in South Africa):
ANC polls less than 60% for first time since end of apartheid

Ireland: Non-payment of water bills rises to 73%
09/08/2016, Katia Hancke, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland):
Abolish the charges now

Zimbabwe: Mugabe must fall!
05/08/2016, Statement by the Executive Committee of the Workers and Socialist Party (CWI in South Africa):
Mass revolt shakes the regime to its foundations

The Olympics, big business and dictatorship
04/08/2016, Vincent Kolo, chinaworker.info:
A short history of the Olympics:

CWI Summer school: Brazil
04/08/2016, Michael O’Brien, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland):
New cycle of struggle following right-wing parliamentary coup

CWI Summer School 2016: Fighting racism and the far right 
02/08/2016, Scott Jones, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Capitalist crisis and anti-immigrant reaction

Germany: Media seizes on violent attacks to whip up Islamophobia
01/08/2016, Sascha Stanicic, Sozialistische Alternative (CWI in Germany):
No security under capitalism

US: Most contentious Democratic Convention since 1968
29/07/2016, Patrick Ayers, Socialist Alternative (US):
We need a new party of the 99% to defeat the billionaire class

Cameroon: Free jailed Buea activists!
28/07/2016, CWI reporters:
100 protest outside the court demanding release of the 15

Cote d’Ivoire: Protests against electricity prices
28/07/2016, CWI in Cote d’Ivoire:
The straw that broke the camel’s back!

Britain: No compromise with Labour right wing
28/07/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, newspaper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
#Keep Corbyn

Chile: One million protest against private pension fund
26/07/2016, Celso Calfullan and Patricio Guzman Socialism Revolucionario (CIT/CWI Chile):
After student protests, working class returns to streets

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

Book review: Iraq, IS and the failing war on terror
28/08/2016, Manny Thain, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales), from the September edition of Socialism Today:
Published earlier this year before the Chilcot report was finally released, Blood Year by counter-insurgency strategist David Kilcullen is a damning indictment of the so-called war on terror unleased by US imperialism in 2001, with the full support of Tony Blair.

Haiti: 225th anniversary of anti-slavery, anti-colonial revolution
27/08/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
A heroic and lasting inspiration to the oppressed everywhere

Russia: Twenty five years since the coup against Gorbachev
25/08/2016, Rob Jones, CWI in Russia :
Decades of ‘shock therapy capitalism’, wars and corruption

Middle East: ISIS’ waning “caliphate”
20/08/2016, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Imperialist solutions are no solution at all

Russia: Twenty fifth anniversary of attempted coup
19/08/2016, Clare Doyle, International Secretariat of the CWI:
Attempted Stalinist counter-revolution speeds up capitalist counter-revolution

US: Trump in trouble
17/08/2016, Tom Crean, Socialist Alternative, USA:
Political polarisation deepens

Britain: The Corbyn insurgency 2.0
15/08/2016, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Now let’s finish the job

CWI Summer School: Economic instability, inter-imperialist tensions, workers struggles’ and political earthquakes
03/08/2016, James McCabe, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland):
Report of the discussion on world perspectives at the recent CWI Summer School

Germany: ‘Brexit’ and the German Left
30/07/2016, Sascha Stanicic, Sozialistische Alternative (CWI in Germany):
Reject the bosses’ EU! For a Europe of working people - a voluntary socialist federation

US: A call to action
27/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the US):
Walk out from the Democratic National Convention!

CWI Summer School: Europe in the aftermath of the Brexit shock
26/07/2016, Kevin Parslow, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Continent enters new phase of political and economic crises

US: Bernie Abandons 'the Revolution’
14/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist councillor Seattle City :
Time to back Green candidate Jill Stein

Australia: Close election result - A crisis for the establishment
08/07/2016, Socialist Party (CWI Australia) statement :
To fight anti-working class measures, we must build a socialist alternative

History: 1936 - Spain’s revolutionary promise
06/07/2016, Tony Saunois, from Socialism Today (July/August 2016):
Working class and peasants rose up against capitalist exploitation, poverty and fascism

US: Beyond Bernie
01/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the USA):
Still not with her

Britain: Referendum revolt
27/06/2016, Peter Taaffe, from Socialism Today (issue No.200, July-August 2016):
Capitalist establishment shattered

Asia: Conflict in the South China Sea
16/06/2016, This is an abridged version of an article by Vincent Kolo, originally published on chinaworker.info.:
Territorial disputes resemble pieces on a ‘geopolitical chessboard’ as the US and China struggle for hegemony in Asia

Middle East: ISIS under pressure on several fronts
15/06/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
Working classes, through bitterest of experiences, will take to road of mass struggle again

EU: Left parties turning against bosses’ Europe
10/06/2016, Danny Byrne, CWI:
Progress in Portugal and Spain, confusion in Britain

Muhammad Ali: A fighter who inspired millions
09/06/2016, Hugo Pierre, Socialism Today (originally published in 2003):
Establishment forced to incorporate his legend into re-writing of history

Review: The working-class case against the EU
08/06/2016, Hannah Sell, article from Socialism Today, magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Review of ‘And The Weak Must Suffer What They Must?’ by Yanis Varoufakis

France: Fight against Valls/Hollande government intensifies
31/05/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI:
Gauche Revolutionnaire statement underlines vital need for political alternative

Austria: Only 31,026 votes prevent far right’s Hofer becoming president
24/05/2016, Sonja Grusch, SLP (the Austrian section of the CWI):
‘Breathing space’ offers chance to build a fighting, democratic left alternative

Britain: EU referendum exposes gaping political fault-lines
24/05/2016, Peter Taaffe, from Socialism Today (monthly magazine of the Socialist Party England & Wales):
New road can open up for labour movement if working class relies on its own forces

Brazil: Fall of President Dilma Rousseff unleashes offensive against working class
19/05/2016, André Ferrari, LSR (‘Freedom, Socialism and Revolution’ - CWI Brazil):
The impeachment process and historic crisis of the PT (Workers’ Party)