deutsch |  english |  español  |  français  |  italiano  |  nederlands  |  polski  |  português  |  svenska  |  türkçe  |  中文  |  عربي  |  русский

latest news

 Solidarity
#JobstownNotGuilty international day of action a huge success

28/03/2017: Over 30 protests around the world and 88 MPs/MEPs pledge support

  Solidarity

Russia/Belarus
A week-end of mass protests

27/03/2017: New spring of protest opens up, as 1,000s arrested

  Russia

Hong Kong
Creeping “coup” by Chinese dictatorship

27/03/2017: Defend the four Hong Kong legislators

  Hong Kong

Britain
Terror attack at Westminster

24/03/2017: Unite against terror, racism and war

  Britain

Italy
Democratic Party splits and 5-Star Movement in crisis

22/03/2017: Class struggle can build real left force

  Italy

Spain
Student strike empties classes and fills streets on 9 March

21/03/2017: Over 100,000 take to the streets in SE demonstrations

  Spain

Scotland
Second referendum on independence?

18/03/2017: SNP fire the starting gun but offer no solutions to austerity

  Scotland

Brazil
National day of strikes and protests shows Temer can be beaten

17/03/2017: For a one-day general strike as the next step

  Brazil

South Africa
Unity against poverty, crime and xenophobia

17/03/2017: Capitalist politicians use xenophobia to divert attention from failures of profit system

  South Africa

Netherlands
Election result a colossal defeat for austerity government

16/03/2017: Oppose Wilders and the ‘mainstream’ right – Build a mass workers’ party that struggles for socialism

  Netherlands

Yemen
Workers and their families left to starve by multi-billionaire companies

16/03/2017: International campaign needed to force companies to pay

  Yemen

Hong Kong
Protest against LSG Sky Chefs dismissal of union chairman

14/03/2017: Ng Chi-Fai sacked for organising union by multinational’s Hong Kong division – international solidarity needed

  Hong Kong

Ireland North
Snap election raises sectarian temperature    

14/03/2017: Workers need strong socialist alternative at ballot box and in unions

  Ireland North

Quebec
Counter protest against far-right

13/03/2017: Rise of Islamophobia and right-wing reaction poses new challenges to the left

  Quebec

 International Women's Day
Speech by Kshama Sawant

12/03/2017: Video of 8 March rally in Seattle

  Women

 International Women’s Day
Millions join marches and take action

10/03/2017: Socialists around the world demand an end to women’s oppression

  Women

 Hong Kong
Women’s march against sexism and racism

09/03/2017: International Women’s Day: “Solidarity with global mass protests and women’s strikes”

  Women

 Spain
Hundreds of thousands participate in International Women’s day student strike

08/03/2017: ‘Libres y Combativas’ and Sindicato de Estudiantes call strike against sexist violence and for working class women's rights

  Women

Pakistan
Political spectacle of the ruling class

08/03/2017: Most workers underemployed, 40% in poverty - situation demands new workers’ party

  Pakistan

 International Women’s Day 2017
A century on from the Russian Revolution

06/03/2017: Demonstrations world-wide swelled by anti-Trump anger

  Women

Britain
Massive demo shows battle to save the NHS can be won

06/03/2017: Up to 250,000 march in national protest, organised from below

  Britain

Egypt
Price hikes hit workers and middle classes

04/03/2017: Falling support for dictator Sisi portends growing opposition

  Egypt

Hong Kong’s sham election

03/03/2017: Pan-democrats sink to new low by supporting “lesser evil” John Tsang

  Hong Kong

US
Socialist response to Trump’s address to joint session of congress

02/03/2017: Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative councillor, speaks

  US

Sweden
“Who could believe it?"

24/02/2017: What is behind Trump's attack?

  Sweden

Britain/Ireland
Dublin's #JobstownNotGuilty

23/02/2017: Defend the right to protest - stop this political vendetta!

  Ireland Republic

Ireland
A web of intrigue sparks government crisis

22/02/2017: Smear campaign against a prominent police whistleblower

  Ireland Republic

February revolution 1917
What lessons for today?

21/02/2017: 23 February 1917 (8 March in today’s calendar) marked the beginning of the socialist revolution in Russia, which sparked a revolutionary wave that would travel around the world.

  Russian Revolution

 Yemen
International protests in support of TOTAL/G4S workers

20/02/2017: Solidarity spreads for victims of wage robbery and killing by multinational corporations

  Solidarity, Yemen

Netherlands
Anti-immigrant Freedom Party leading polls ahead of general elections

18/02/2017: Only a choice between the “regular” and far-right?

  Netherlands

South Africa

Free education proposals

www.socialistworld.net, 16/05/2010
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

Tinkering or transformation?

by Liv Shange

Higher education minister Blade Nzimande has announced proposals to extend full bursarier for university study to working class and poor youth, which are yet to be debated, approved and implemented. Such moves to ease access to education, together with the incorporation of 60% of schools in the no-fee-scheme, form part of the government’s "carrot"-response to the crisis in education. On the other hand, government is wielding a "stick" of authoritarianism - attributing the huge, class-based problems to mere lack of discipline.

At the start of the second term, the Durban University of Technology had been paralysed by student mass action over issues of residences, facilities, transport and corruption since the beginning of the year. Like the DUT, the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) Soshanguve campus was closed down for a period in an attempt to contain a student strike. TUT students were protesting for access to financial aid, decent residences and transport. Mangosuthu Technikon students also protested against fee increases and lack of facilities. When Sasco in March staged protests at the University of Johannesburg, the University of Zululand and the University of KwaZulu-Natal demanding free education, they were capitalising on students’ concerns over financial exclusions, financial aid etc. Regardless of the opportunism that often motivates the leadership of such protests, they are partly an expression of genuine problems that over the past few years have become a regular part of the academic year. In schools, meanwhile, the crisis in the education system and in working class communities create a tense situation in which localised conflicts and protests are sparked nearly on daily basis, the latest one receiving media attention being the torching of mobile classrooms by learners at Naphakhade school in Malmesbury, Western Cape, in protest against the education department’s failure to respond to their complaints of overcrowding.

Eruptions like these, indicating the critical state of an education system close to meltdown, helped push the ANC’s December 2007 Polokwane congress to resolve to “progressively introduce free education for the poor until undergraduate level”. The Zuma faction identified education as one of its five key priorities critical to resolving the country’s broader social and economic problems. As a demonstration of its seriousness, the education department was disestablished and replaced with two new departments, basic and higher education respectively, to allow for a tighter focus on specific areas of the general education crisis. The appointment of SACP general secretary Blade Nzimande as Higher Education and Training minister was partly calculated to symbolise the government’s determination to tackle the troubling question of inequality of access.

In mid-March 2010 Nzimande announced he will propose “full state subsidisation of students from poor and working class backgrounds” according to the recommendations of the ministerial review committee he had tasked to conduct a thorough examination of the crisis in education funding. The committee’s report pointed out what protesting students have been saying for years: “that NSFAS funding falls far short of demand (with) significant gaps between the NSFAS award and the full cost of study for many students” (Business Day, 10/03/17). Nzimande’s “free education” is to be “introduced progressively”; realised step by step at a pace determined by the “budgetary constraints” of the government.

NSFAS mess

The report also detailed the complete mess that makes up the NSFAS (National Student Financial Aid Scheme). The scheme is currently able to provide for less than half of all qualifying students. Of the almost 3 million young people aged 18-24 who are neither studying nor employed, 98000 have university entry matric passes. Of NSFAS recipients who are no longer studying, only 28% have graduated; the remaining 72% pushed out before finishing due to lack of academic support and the fact that for most students the NSFAS award is simply too small.

R50 million of the NFSAS budget is routinely left unspent every year, because of the overly complicated and inefficient loan application system. How much financial aid students get varies wildly as institutions and their respective financial aid offices operate according to practices based on their own interpretation of the rules. Knowing that the state funding it receives is not enough to provide for all eligible prospective students, the NSFAS has resorted to try and keep the fund viable through a ruthless debt collection approach, consciously contradicting the National Credit Act by continuing to pursue “expired” debts, ignoring rules limiting how much interest can be charged on loans, forcing employers to deduct repayments from former students’ salaries, and blacklisting those who fail to pay. Half of these 10 000 former students have been blacklisted by the scheme for debts that can no longer be claimed legally. In addition to the R10 billion on the NSFAS loan books (a substantial part of which is probably impossible to recover, according to the Review), higher education institutions are owed another R2,7 billion by students.

The Review recommends changes which appear aimed at a complete overhaul, even a shut-down of NSFAS in its present form. The recommendations include a name change; new head office; new organisational structure; new policies; amendments of the NSFAS Act; responsibility for loan recovery is to be shifted to SARS; and there is to be a new central applications process.

Free for the poor?

The remodeled NSFAS should, according to the Review, administer financial aid in new ways: qualifying students from the poorest backgrounds would get a subsidy of R43 000 a year (the average “full cost of study” at higher education institutions). The recommendations include extending assistance to the “missing middle” students – those not deemed poor enough to qualify for the NSFAS loan/bursary (family income under R122 000 per year), yet unable to afford tuition fees and other costs of studying. It proposes new loan schemes directed specifically at the children of public sector employees earning under R300 000 a year, on the one hand, and at other “lower middle-income” families on the other. Nzimande announced that the Review Committee will continue investigating other higher education issues, while public consultation on the proposals is undertaken. A finished proposal would be made to the government in August 2010.

An expanded definition of the financially needy and bursaries for the full cost of study for such students; allocation of funds to HEIs according to the number of poor and working class students rather than their racial composition; making loans accessible to those currently “stuck in the middle”; tightening up and modernising the administration and the recovery of loans – these are the main positive traits of the proposals, which, however, still have to be debated, approved, funded and implemented.

The attempts to open up access to higher education follow on the introduction of “no-fee-schools” beginning in 2006. 60% of state schools situated in poor areas are now declared as free of charge. Just like any easing of the pressure on working class youths and their families will be welcome in higher education, the concessions in basic education are a step forward.

Why we need free education for all

Partial abolishing of fees, however, still leaves inequality in the education system almost undented. The education system reflects and reproduces the massive class rift in SA society – the most unequal on Earth. The division within education may even be exacerbated by reserving certain schools for “the poor” while the better-off are free to top-up the state funding at schools in wealthy communities with ever-increasing fees which pay for extra staff and equipment, and yet others go for exclusive private schools. This diversion of resources amounts to a robbery of the schools and communities that need the most support – taking from the poor and giving to the rich. What is needed is a massive upgrading of a single united fully state-funded education system to which all learners, educators and parents would have to commit and contribute according to ability.

Genuinely free education would mean that the state would have to provide the funding currently coming from students. Those opposed to free education, such as Higher Education SA (HESA – the vice-chancellors’ association), argue that free education for all would amount to “subsidising the rich” and as such be unaffordable and unfair. Abolishing higher education tuition fees would cost R7,7 billion at the present enrolment levels, according to Dr Saleem Badat, Vice-Chancellor of Rhodes University (The Star, 10/03/23). Abolishing residence fees would cost another R1,3 billion. The Review Committee estimates the cost of their proposal of full bursaries for “the poor” at R5,2 billion at current participation levels.

Free education for all would also eliminate the need for the inevitably messy, multiple and often contradictory, bureaucracies that accompany any means-tested scheme such as the NSFAS, campus-based or private loan and bursary schemes, or school fee exemptions. A new system without fees altogether would also remove the stigma attached to the NSFAS loan as a label of poverty and the huge gap in status and quality between different Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and schools. What is required is a fundamental transformation of the entire education system from pre-school through to university.

Tinkering or transformation?

The ANC government is not prepared to take such bold measures. This is the Achilles’ Heel of Nzimande’s free education proposals. Education is in fact not intended to be free. Nzimande is attempting to win the support of working class students by relying on arguments such as those of HESA that the government’s obligations are merely to level the playing fields so that there is equality of access for the deserving poor. Under the pretext of ensuring that the rich pay their way, Nzimande is in fact leaving the fundamental class-based framework of the system intact, while polishing the surface.

But the rich could pay for free education through taxes instead of fees. In addition, sustaining free education would require using the wealth that is currently locked up in the private safes and accounts of the capitalists – taking over the major corporations, banks, mines etc into public ownership, with the working class majority democratically managing both operations and the use of the wealth created according to the needs of society.

Carrot and stick

While Nzimande’s free education proposals are dangled as a carrot he hopes will be able to restore the youth’s confidence in higher education and the future in general; a stick is also wielded at basic education by the government and the political establishment in general. This increasingly authoritarian approach seeks to blame the poor and the working class for their own plight, discourage dependence on the state, emphasise the need for greater discipline and pointing the finger at teacher union Sadtu in particular for the crisis in schools. It has been expressed in calls to go back to “rote-learning”, sweeping condemnation of the OBE-curriculum, a narrow and competitive perspective on performance (e.g. listing the “best” and “worst” schools), calls to ban political activity and Learners Representative Councils in schools. It is also reflected on the ground in schools: learners being prevented from proceeding to higher grades (where it is assumed they will fail) to make the school’s pass rate look better; being steered away from “difficult” subjects, depriving children of classes in arts, culture and sports in the interest of market-viable “basics”.

Witch-hunt against teachers

A particularly worrying aspect of this is the virtual witch hunt on teachers, particularly the SA Democratic Teachers’ Union, and the right to strike. This followed almost immediately on the announcement of the disastrous 2009 Matric results; a cheap but dangerous attempt to find scapegoats. Teachers make remarkable efforts despite a confusing curriculum, dire lack of resources, low pay and a violent and extremely stressful working environment where they are also compelled to try and fill in as social workers, counselors and administrators. While the proposal to declare education an “essential service” (i.e. a no-strike-sector) came from the Democratic Alliance (DA), there clearly is sympathy for this among sections of the ruling class and the ANC, following on last year’s attempts to ban unions in the army. This would be a serious infringement of the hard-won democratic rights of all workers in SA and a major step backward in the struggle for an education system geared towards self-liberation instead of conditioning us into new oppressors and oppressed. The government’s approach is influenced by a reaction against these very ideals which were championed by the emerging teachers’ unions in particular.

Attacking symptoms, fuelling the causes

Sharpened class contradictions, largely unresolved racial tensions, rife gender oppression, a roll-back of class consciousness in the wake of betrayal of those previously regarded as fighting for working class liberation, widespread feelings of hopelessness about the future, escapism into drug abuse or other self destructive behaviour – all these features of the brutal social system are reflected in brutal human relations, including among learners and staff. The resulting partial break-down of social relations is expressed in absenteeism among learners and teachers, drugs, violence, bullying and sexual abuse at school, and a common generally loveless approach to poor learners.

Overcoming this situation and getting “teachers in class, teaching” and “learners, learning” will take much more than top-down discipline. The lack of resources and huge inequalities contribute directly to problems of “discipline” as well as to the poor quality of education in general. The 2009 matric results, the worst since the ANC came to power, highlighted the full extent of the crisis: the official failure rate, 39.4%, was just the tip of an iceberg of shattered dreams. Of the 1 550 790 learners who started grade 1 in 1998, only 551 940 made it through to last year’s matric exam. The real failure rate, in other words, is 78% (Sunday Independent 2010/01/10). Fifteen year into democracy, only 7% of schools in SA have a functional library as the Equal Education campaign points out. The lack of basic infrastructure like water, sanitation, electricity as well as laboratories, decent playing fields and properly trained teachers are all problems that were inherited from apartheid. As Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga conceded, the children and youth who are confined to this disaster zone are almost exclusively black, as class divisions continue to closely trace racial lines. It is clear that the Zuma government has reconciled itself to the idea of eternal class divisions (“the poor will always be with us” as former deputy president Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said) and a class-separated education system as part and parcel of capitalism. The problems in schools are merely symptoms caused by the unequal distribution of resources in the education system and in society at large.

The focus on higher education suggests the government accepts that the capitalist system is inherently hostile against the poor and that higher education reform is designed to increase the chances of those who manage against the odds to make it to tertiary education, to complete their studies. In the context of the economic crisis, the end of which is not in sight despite the optimistic perspectives every other economic analyst and government is putting forward, means that the resources to finance a complete overhaul of the education system – a massive provision of proper infrastructure for schools, including solid buildings, electricity, and sanitation, improved education and training for teachers – do not form part of the programme. In the present economic climate, even those fortunate enough to benefit from tertiary education reform, will only improve the educational level of the unemployed.

Mass based campaigns are needed to pressure the government to implement the free education proposals, and to build a movement that can go further than that and fight for an education system in which, amongst others, learners are not hungry or exhausted in class after walking long distances, feel confident and secure at school and at home, are given chances to develop all their diverse talents; believe their education is going to make a change in their lives, see a way forward after primary and secondary school; and teachers have the time and resources, energy and motivation to give every child individual attention, are remunerated according to the enormous value they add to society. Such an education can only be created in the context of a struggle to break the dictatorship of the market and to create a socialist society.



Europe

 video

Video: US Socialist Students build for student walkouts against Trump, 15/12/2016

 further videos

CWI - get involved


solidarity

tamil solidarity campaign kazakhstan

featured links

Socialist Party Ireland

cwi links

Marxist.net, CWI marxist archive

cwi comment & analysis

world economic crisis

analysis and commentary


cwi publications

marxism in today's world che

Che Guevara: Símbolo de Lucha

Por Tony Saunois

A socialist world is possible, the history of the cwi with new introduction by Peter Planning green growth, a contribution to the debate on enviromental sustainability

NEWS

Solidarity: #JobstownNotGuilty international day of action a huge success
28/03/2017, socialistworld.net :
Over 30 protests around the world and 88 MPs/MEPs pledge support

Russia/Belarus: A week-end of mass protests
27/03/2017, Socialist Alternative (CWI Russia) Reporters:
New spring of protest opens up, as 1,000s arrested

Hong Kong: Creeping “coup” by Chinese dictatorship
27/03/2017, Dikang, Socialist Action (CWI in Hong Kong) :
Defend the four Hong Kong legislators

Britain: Terror attack at Westminster
24/03/2017, Judy Beishon, from the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) website :
Unite against terror, racism and war

Belarus: Protesters flood onto streets demanding scrapping of “law against parasites”
21/03/2017, Daniil Raskolnikov (translation of article from the Russian CWI site www.socialist.news):
President Lukashenko must go!

Spain: Student strike empties classes and fills streets on 9 March
21/03/2017, Sindicato de Estudiantes (SE), Spanish Students' Union :
Over 100,000 take to the streets in SE demonstrations

Scotland: Second referendum on independence?
18/03/2017, Philip Stott, Socialist Party Scotland (CWI) :
SNP fire the starting gun but offer no solutions to austerity

South Africa: Unity against poverty, crime and xenophobia
17/03/2017, Shaun Arendse, Workers and Socialist Party (CWI South Africa):
Capitalist politicians use xenophobia to divert attention from failures of profit system

International Women’s Day: March in Malaysia and week of activity in Belgium
16/03/2017, socialistworld.net :
Reports from Kuala Lumpur and Brussels

Netherlands: Election result a colossal defeat for austerity government
16/03/2017, Pieter Brans, Socialist Alternative (CWI in Netherlands), Amsterdam:
Oppose Wilders and the ‘mainstream’ right – Build a mass workers’ party that struggles for socialism

Russian Revolution: March 1917 - After the fall of Czarism, what next for the revolution?
16/03/2017, socialistworld.net:
New article on 1917revolution.org

Hong Kong: Protest against LSG Sky Chefs dismissal of union chairman
14/03/2017, Sally Tang Mei-ching, Socialist Action (CWI in Hong Kong) :
Ng Chi-Fai sacked for organising union by multinational’s Hong Kong division – international solidarity needed

Quebec: Counter protest against far-right
13/03/2017, Michele Hehn, Alternative Socialiste (CWI in Quebec) :
Rise of Islamophobia and right-wing reaction poses new challenges to the left

International Women's Day: Speech by Kshama Sawant
12/03/2017, Socialistworld.net :
Video of 8 March rally in Seattle

International Women’s Day: Millions join marches and take action
10/03/2017, Clare Doyle, CWI:
Socialists around the world demand an end to women’s oppression

Hong Kong: Women’s march against sexism and racism
09/03/2017, Socialist Action (CWI in Hong Kong) reporters:
International Women’s Day: “Solidarity with global mass protests and women’s strikes”

Spain: Hundreds of thousands participate in International Women’s day student strike
08/03/2017, Sindicato de Estudiantes, students’ union in the Spanish state :
‘Libres y Combativas’ and Sindicato de Estudiantes call strike against sexist violence and for working class women's rights

Pakistan: Political spectacle of the ruling class
08/03/2017, Tariq Shahzad, National Organiser of IYWM (International Youth and Workers Movement) :
Most workers underemployed, 40% in poverty - situation demands new workers’ party

Britain: Massive demo shows battle to save the NHS can be won
06/03/2017, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) deputy general secretary :
Up to 250,000 march in national protest, organised from below

Egypt: Price hikes hit workers and middle classes
04/03/2017, David Johnson, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) :
Falling support for dictator Sisi portends growing opposition

Hong Kong’s sham election
03/03/2017, Dikang, Socialist Action:
Pan-democrats sink to new low by supporting “lesser evil” John Tsang

US: Socialist response to Trump’s address to joint session of congress
02/03/2017, socialistworld.net:
Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative councillor, speaks

Catalonia: Historic demonstration in Barcelona in support of refugees
25/02/2017, Esquerra Revolucionària :
'Volem acollir'

Sweden: “Who could believe it?"

24/02/2017, Per-Åke Westerlund, Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna (CWI Sweden):
What is behind Trump's attack?

Britain/Ireland: Dublin's #JobstownNotGuilty
23/02/2017, Neil Cafferky, from The Socialist (weekly paper of the Socialist Party, England & Wales):
Defend the right to protest - stop this political vendetta!

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

Italy: Democratic Party splits and 5-Star Movement in crisis
22/03/2017, Marco Veruggio, ControCorrrente, (CWI in Italy) :
Class struggle can build real left force

Brazil: National day of strikes and protests shows Temer can be beaten


17/03/2017, André Ferrari LSR (CWI in Brazil) :
For a one-day general strike as the next step

Yemen: Workers and their families left to starve by multi-billionaire companies
16/03/2017, Cedric Gerome, CWI :
International campaign needed to force companies to pay

Ireland North: Snap election raises sectarian temperature    
14/03/2017, Daniel Waldron, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland), Belfast :
Workers need strong socialist alternative at ballot box and in unions

International Women’s Day 2017: A century on from the Russian Revolution
06/03/2017, Clare Doyle, CWI :
Demonstrations world-wide swelled by anti-Trump anger

February revolution 1917: What lessons for today?
21/02/2017, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales), printed in the Socialist (paper of the Socialist Party):
23 February 1917 (8 March in today’s calendar) marked the beginning of the socialist revolution in Russia, which sparked a revolutionary wave that would travel around the world.

India: Upheaval in Tamil Nadu
09/02/2017, Sajith Attepuram, New Socialist Alternative (NSA) (CWI India) :
Corruption, nepotism, and other crimes of ruling party exposed

Britain: Universal basic income demand gains ground
08/02/2017, Judy Beishon, from The Socialist (weekly newspaper of the Socialist Party – CWI England & Wales) :
What approach should socialists take?

CWI and Izquierda Revolucionaria – Towards unification
06/02/2017, Socialistworld.net :
Joint declaration of the CWI’s IEC and Izquierda Revolucionaria’s IEC

France: After Sarkozy, Juppé and Valls, now Fillon is on the way out
06/02/2017, Alex Rouillard, Gauche Révolutionnaire (CWI in France) :
Space opening up to left of Socialist Party

Syria: Is an end to the war in sight?
03/02/2017, Serge Jordan (CWI) :
New movements for change will need to arm themselves with the lessons of the Syrian tragedy

Sri Lanka: The year 2017
31/01/2017, Siritunga Jayasuriya, United Socialist Party (CWI in Sri Lanka) :
Between oppression and struggle

Canada: Where are Trudeau’s ‘Sunny Ways’?
31/01/2017, Tim Heffernan, Socialist Alternative (CWI Canada), Toronto

:
Battles of Indigenous peoples, youth, workers will test Liberal government

Russian Revolution Centenary: January 1917 - On the eve of revolution
29/01/2017, Niall Mulholland, from 1917revolution.org :
War, hunger, hated Tsarist regime: class tensions reach breaking point

Afghanistan: The limits of US power
28/01/2017, Judy Beishon, from Socialism Today (February 2017 issue), monthly magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales)<br />
<br />
:
Imperialism’s 15-year adventure a bloody catastrophe for millions

US: Build 100 days of resistance to Trump’s agenda!
27/01/2017, Bryan Koulouris, Socialist Alternative, US :
Establishment deeply divided as mass resistance explodes

Millions on women's marches around the world
25/01/2017, Editorial from the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) and reports from US marches :
Reports from mass women's marches against Trump

China: New US President’s approach to China
21/01/2017, Vincent Kolo, chinaworker.info :
Outbursts raise fears of confrontation

Ireland North: Snap elections called to Stormont Assembly
17/01/2017, Daniel Waldron, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland), Belfast :
Build a socialist alternative to the ‘Orange’ versus ‘Green’ headcount

Spain: What kind of Podemos do workers and youth need?
17/01/2017, Izquierda Revolucionaria, Spanish state, editorial :
Debate within leadership touches on fundamental issues for future of party

US: Trump prepares vicious attacks
05/01/2017, Philip Locker and Tom Crean, Socialist Alternative (US):
Mass resistance needed!

Russian Revolution centenary
02/01/2017, Editorial from Socialism Today, Dec/Jan 2017 edition:
Defending the legacy in a new era

2017:Upheaval and fightback will continue
01/01/2017, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) general secretary :
Everything to play for in 2017

Britain's shifting political contours
22/12/2016, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) from Socialism Today Dec/Jan 2017 edition :
Capitalist establishment in disarray

CWI International Executive Committee: European capitalism “battered by events”
16/12/2016, Kevin Henry, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland) :
Report of discussion on Europe at CWI IEC meeting in November