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Britain
The ‘Corbynomics’ challenge

27/09/2016: What economic policies can end austerity and transform workers’ lives?

  Britain

Britain
Left candidate Jeremy Corbyn re-wins Labour leadership with bigger majority

24/09/2016:


Landslide victory another step to transforming Labour

  Britain

Britain
Labour leadership election draws to a close

23/09/2016: Battle lines drawn: build a real mass party of the 99%

  Britain

South Africa
Solidarity with students

22/09/2016: Struggle for free education

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Leon Trotsky’s living legacy

21/09/2016: Review of "The Life and Death of Leon Trotsky", published in the latest issue of Socialism Today

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Britain
Damning parliamentary report into Cameron's role in overthrowing Gaddafi

21/09/2016: Imperialist intervention helped wreck revolutionary movement and ruin Libya

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Irish embassies face Jobstown trial protests

20/09/2016: Defend the right to protest – Drop the charges!

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United Socialist Party congress

19/09/2016: Lively meeting prepares membership for next period

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Ireland
#JobstownNotGuilty trials begin…

19/09/2016: State criminalises right to protest

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Britain
Labour Party needs democratic structures and socialist policies

16/09/2016: Tremendous opportunity to bring Labour back to power but on an entirely different, attractive basis

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China
Fierce clashes at “Democracy village”

14/09/2016: Protesters defy crackdown

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Ireland
 Dublin Bus workers move into action

13/09/2016: Strike launched after years of wage restraint

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When Edward Snowden went underground with refugees

12/09/2016: Socialist Action’s Vanessa gave shelter to on-the-run Snowden

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Britain
Trade Union Congress 2016

11/09/2016: Organise mass working class resistance to austerity

  Britain

Hong Kong
Elections redraw political map

10/09/2016: Legco elections see record turnout and big swing towards ‘radical’ newcomers

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Britain
Break with Blairites essential to defeating divided Tories

09/09/2016: Huge potential for a bold, socialist Labour party

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Uzbekistan
President Karimov, the butcher of Andijan, dies

08/09/2016: West seeks “stability” under brutal dictatorship

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 Video
Irish Socialist MPs on Apple tax scandal

08/09/2016: Socialist industrial policy argued for in parilament by Paul Murphy, Ruth Coppinger and Mick Barry

  Ireland Republic, Video

Quebec
Montreal Old Port strikers reject wage offer

07/09/2016: Solidarity needed for struggle for a $15 minimum wage

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Corbyn's Brexit opportunity

06/09/2016: Socialist, internationalist policies can rally both Leave and Remain voters

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Weak government has no mandate

05/09/2016: Time for the unions and social movements to push back

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Growing crises and the Left party

03/09/2016: War, refugees and global economic disaster knocking on Germany's door

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Impeachment farce only serves big capital

02/09/2016: Temer out! General elections now! General strike to defend our rights!

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India
Mass general strike across the country

02/09/2016: Fight must go on for minimum wage and against labour law ‘reform’

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Ireland
The €13 billion question

02/09/2016: Government supports Apple’s tax dodging

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Britain
Labour right’s purges and exclusions

31/08/2016: We must fight for a party for the 99%

  Britain

France
Burkini ban fuels Islamophobia

30/08/2016: For workers’ unity and struggle against racism, division and austerity

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Congo
General strike results in "villes mortes"

30/08/2016: Boiling anger as Kabila tries to cling to power

  Congo

Environment
Green China to save the world?

29/08/2016: Article published in latest edition of Socialism Today

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Book review
Iraq, IS and the failing war on terror

28/08/2016: Published earlier this year before the Chilcot report was finally released, Blood Year by counter-insurgency strategist David Kilcullen is a damning indictment of the so-called war on terror unleased by US imperialism in 2001, with the full support of Tony Blair.

  Iraq, Middle East

Haiti
225th anniversary of anti-slavery, anti-colonial revolution

27/08/2016: A heroic and lasting inspiration to the oppressed everywhere

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Scotland
Will the Corbyn uprising save Scottish Labour?

27/08/2016: Lessons of indyref and need for active anti-cuts policies

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Greece
Athens bus cleaners win major victory

26/08/2016: Struggle achieves public contracts for 100s cleaning workers

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Twenty five years since the coup against Gorbachev

25/08/2016: Decades of ‘shock therapy capitalism’, wars and corruption

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Europe

Austerity locked-in with EU economic governance package

www.socialistworld.net, 05/10/2011
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

Implications of so-called "six-pack of economic governance measures", voted on in the European Parliament last week, are vast

Paul Murphy, MEP, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland), first published in the "Irish Left Review"

What was described by European Commission President as a “silent revolution” was passed in the European Parliament on Wednesday with hardly a mention in the mainstream media. The implications of the so-called six-pack of economic governance measures are vast. This package represents a qualitative leap forward in terms of the institutionalisation of austerity and neo-liberal economic policies at the heart of the EU and backwards in terms of a further undermining of democracy within the EU structures.

These pieces of legislation, ostensibly a response to the economic crisis, are actually a fulfilment of long-held desires by the capitalist establishment in Europe to develop a strong authority in the EU that would ensure that national governments implement austerity policies. The six-pack does this by establishing the European Commission as an effective policeman for austerity across Europe. It is also a step towards the fiscal unity that key sections of the establishment believe is necessary in order to save the euro.

Even if the media is ignoring it, the European establishment is aware of the significance of this victory from its point of view. Speaking in June 2010 about this package, European Commission President Barroso correctly stated that:

“The Member States have accepted - and I hope they understand it exactly - but they have accepted very important powers of the European institutions regarding surveillance, and a much stricter control of the public finances.”

What the package means:

In order to achieve this, the package centralises power in the hands of the un-elected European Commission, establishes a scoreboard of austerity, and gives the Commission power to impose massive fines on countries. There are many different elements to these six different pieces of legislation. However, the central basis of it is establishing a mechanism to put significant pressure on national governments to implement austerity and neo-liberal policies.

Essentially there are three key aspects of the mechanism to ensure that governments keep within neo-liberal economic orthodoxy. The first is the notion of “budgetary surveillance” and the “European semester”. What this means is a timetable across Europe for the presentation of draft national budgets at an early stage to the European Commission and Council. These draft budgets will be discussed by these bodies in advance of any discussion in national parliaments. The purpose of the discussions is clear - to put significant political pressure at an early stage on national governments to implement what the Commission and Council consider to be necessary policies.

The second is a qualitative strengthening of the “Growth and Stability Pact” - which limits countries’ public debt to 60% of GDP and annual deficits to 3% of GDP. In the past, this has been a relatively toothless mechanism, which has been ignored by both the major powers and the more peripheral less developed economies. Now this will be backed up by an enforcement mechanism.

Those who breach the targets and ignore warnings and recommendations from the Commission will be faced with a fine, consisting of either an “interest-bearing deposit” or a “non interest-bearing deposit” equivalent to 0.2% of GDP, which will be converted into a fine if the situation does not improve. This fine can then be increased with repeated failure to follow the Commission’s recommendations. These fines will amount to hundreds of millions of euro - being taken out of the pockets of states that are evidently facing real financial difficulties.

The third is the extension of this enforcement mechanism well beyond the strictures of the “Growth and Stability Pact”. Now countries will be monitored not just on their public debt and their annual deficit, but on a range of other measures as part of a “scoreboard” system. The details of what will be measured has still not been revealed, but Commission recommendations are to “cover the main economic policy areas, potentially including fiscal and wage policies, labour markets, product and services markets and financial sector regulation.” (’Prevention and Correction of Macroeconomic imbalances‘).

This gives a sense of how these proposals are not simply about tackling excess debt of deficits - but about giving the Commission a means to push right-wing economic policies generally and put pressure on countries to liberalise their labour markets and public services. Failure to act in response to warnings and recommendations from the Commission on the scoreboard issues, or being deemed to have acted “imprudently”, will open countries up to face fines. This is clearly a way for the Commission to push neo-liberal policies generally - including the liberalisation of the labour market and the privatisation of public services.

Assault on democracy

One of the most obnoxious features of this package is the fact that the already extremely limited democracy within the EU has been trampled upon in order to ensure that this austerity will rule. This attack takes a number of forms.

One is the strengthening of the power of the Commission. The majority in the European Parliament voted for a number of amendments designed to strengthen the power of the Commission. This is always the position of the right-wing in the Parliament who see the Commission as an ally in the fight for a “European” position as opposed to one rooted in the interests of the countries represented at the Council. The effect, however, is to remove decision making even further from ordinary people. The role of the Commission from the point of view of the establishment is to articulate a “European” strategy for the capitalist class in Europe. It is able to do this because it is relatively immune from the political pressure that national governments can face - precisely because the Commissioners exist in a bubble in Brussels and don’t have to face election.

Another attack is the stripping of the right to vote from “miscreant” countries on the question of sanctions. So if the Commission proposes that a country be punished by a fine of hundreds of millions of euro for example, that country and all other countries that have been deemed to be acting imprudently and have been subject to sanctions will not have a vote in this decision. You could therefore have a situation where most of the peripheral European countries have their votes taken away from them and it is the Northern European countries who are voting on the sanctions to be applied to these countries.

The other element is how this voting is to take place. The six-pack introduces a new form of voting which is breathtaking in its cynicism. Instead of a straight vote with a need for a majority of countries, or the traditional qualified majority system (which means getting 255 weighted votes out of 345, representing at least two thirds of the countries and at least 62% of the EU population), the qualified majority system is turned on its head. Now it is referred to as “Reverse qualified majority” voting. What this means is that the Council is presumed to agree with the sanctions, unless a qualified majority vote against it. This means that to overturn the sanctions, you would need to get a huge majority to vote against it. So even if the peripheral European nations still had their votes, they wouldn’t have a chance of defeating it if the major northern European governments were in favour of it! Of course, this was fully endorsed by the Parliament, and the agreed document (Enforcement measures to correct excessive macroeconomic imbalances in euro area ) argues that the procedure for the application of the sanctions should be “construed in such a way that the application of the sanctionon those Member States would be the rule and not the exception.”

Who is driving this agenda and why?

It is not indulging in conspiracy theorising to suggest that a large element of this six-pack is making sure not to “waste a good crisis”. This is posed as a response to the economic crisis. It is no such thing. It is part of the march of entrenching neo-liberal orthodoxy across Europe. The Corporate Europe Observatory (www.corporateeurope.org), an excellent research and campaign group working against the power of corporate lobbyists in the EU, has established how the major organisation of big business on a European level, the European Roundtable of Industrialists (ERT), has been pushing for such an agenda for over a decade.

Their chairman proclaimed in 2000 that a “double revolution” was underway. “On the one hand we are reducing the power of the state and of the public sector in general through privatization and deregulation… On the other we are transferring many of the nation states powers to a more modern and internationally-minded structure at European level. European unification is progressing and it helps international businesses like ours.” In 2002, the ERT were calling for ”at the drafting stage, the implications of national budgets and of major national fiscal policy measures [to be] reviewed at the level of the Union” - precisely what will now happen.

European big business wants this, because, like their political representatives in the establishment parties, they want the certainty of knowing that what they deem to be “prudent” policies will be implemented. The uncertainty of democratic debate and discussion with different economic policy options on offer is simply too much of an inconvenience. Likewise, the ability of mass movements to put pressure on their governments to withdraw some of their worst attacks is a threat to the certainty of austerity. Therein lies the need for a central authority (the Commission) that through its sanctions and political pressure will act as a counterweight to the pressure of potential mass movements.

Can this package be stopped?

The Council is due to discuss and finally agree this six-pack on 4 October, which means that the package will enter into force at the end of 2011 or at the latest by the start of 2012. Effectively, the battle inside the institutions of the Parliament and the Council has been lost, given the overwhelming majority for the right-wing parties (including so-called social-democracy) in both institutions.

The battle now moves onto the plane of the streets and the protest movements. The movement against cuts and attacks that are aimed at making working people pay for the economic crisis is redeveloping in southern Europe. A major mobilisation by the unions is being organised in Portugal, while Greece will see a general strike on 19 October. While Ireland is currently behind these developments, with the passage of time and in particular the passage of their own savage budget in December, the ability of the new government to blame the old government and avoid facing responsibility and major movements will be reduced.

The Left has a crucial responsibility to build these movements and also to intervene into them, raising the need for a European-wide fightback as well as putting forward a socialist alternative to this crisis of capitalism. With lies being told about “lazy Greeks”, it is particularly important to stress the similar problems that working people face across Europe and raise the need for a common fight-back, including a 24 hour general strike against austerity across Europe. Part of this intervention must be publicising the effect of this economic governance package and injecting opposition to this European shock doctrine into the movements.

Paul Murphy is the Irish Socialist Party / United Left Alliance (ULA) MEP for the Dublin constituency



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NEWS

Britain: Left candidate Jeremy Corbyn re-wins Labour leadership with bigger majority
24/09/2016,


From Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) website
:



Landslide victory another step to transforming Labour

Britain: Labour leadership election draws to a close
23/09/2016, Editorial of the Socialist (issue 917), weekly paper of the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales)
:
Battle lines drawn: build a real mass party of the 99%

South Africa: Solidarity with students
22/09/2016, Statement of the Executive Committee of the Workers' And Socialist Party (WASP, section of the CWI in South Africa) :
Struggle for free education

Britain: Damning parliamentary report into Cameron's role in overthrowing Gaddafi
21/09/2016, Robert Bechert, CWI :
Imperialist intervention helped wreck revolutionary movement and ruin Libya

Ireland South: Irish embassies face Jobstown trial protests
20/09/2016, CWI Reporters:
Defend the right to protest – Drop the charges!

Sri Lanka: United Socialist Party congress
19/09/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI :
Lively meeting prepares membership for next period

Ireland: #JobstownNotGuilty trials begin…

19/09/2016, Paul Murphy, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland) MP
:
State criminalises right to protest

Britain: Labour Party needs democratic structures and socialist policies
16/09/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales)
:
Tremendous opportunity to bring Labour back to power but on an entirely different, attractive basis

China: Fierce clashes at “Democracy village”
14/09/2016, chinaworker.info reporters:
Protesters defy crackdown

Ireland: Dublin Bus workers move into action

13/09/2016, Councillor Michael O’Brien, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland)
:
Strike launched after years of wage restraint

Hong Kong: When Edward Snowden went underground with refugees
12/09/2016, Pasha, Socialist Action (CWI) in Hong Kong:
Socialist Action’s Vanessa gave shelter to on-the-run Snowden

Britain: Trade Union Congress 2016

11/09/2016, Rob Williams, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) industrial organiser
:
Organise mass working class resistance to austerity

Hong Kong: Elections redraw political map
10/09/2016, Dikang, Socialist Action (CWI) in Hong Kong :
Legco elections see record turnout and big swing towards ‘radical’ newcomers

Britain: Break with Blairites essential to defeating divided Tories

09/09/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, issue 915, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales)
:
Huge potential for a bold, socialist Labour party

Uzbekistan: President Karimov, the butcher of Andijan, dies
08/09/2016, Rob Jones, CWI, Moscow :
West seeks “stability” under brutal dictatorship

Video: Irish Socialist MPs on Apple tax scandal
08/09/2016, socialistworld.net:
Socialist industrial policy argued for in parilament by Paul Murphy, Ruth Coppinger and Mick Barry

Quebec: Montreal Old Port strikers reject wage offer
07/09/2016, Interview with a striker :
Solidarity needed for struggle for a $15 minimum wage

Australia: Weak government has no mandate
05/09/2016, Editorial comment from the September 2016 edition of The Socialist
(journal of the CWI Australia) :
Time for the unions and social movements to push back

Pakistan: Teachers continue to be victimised in Sindh
03/09/2016, CWI reporters, Sindh:
Solidarity protests needed

India: Mass general strike across the country
02/09/2016, New Socialist Alternative (CWI in India):
Fight must go on for minimum wage and against labour law ‘reform’

Ireland: The €13 billion question
02/09/2016, Cillian Gillespie, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland) :
Government supports Apple’s tax dodging

Britain: Labour right’s purges and exclusions
31/08/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
We must fight for a party for the 99%

Congo: General strike results in "villes mortes"
30/08/2016, Per-Åke Westerlund, Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna (CWI Sweden) :
Boiling anger as Kabila tries to cling to power

Environment: Green China to save the world?
29/08/2016, Pete Dickinson, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Article published in latest edition of Socialism Today

Scotland: Will the Corbyn uprising save Scottish Labour?
27/08/2016, Philip Stott, Socialist Party Scotland (CWI) :
Lessons of indyref and need for active anti-cuts policies

Greece: Athens bus cleaners win major victory
26/08/2016, Interview with Eleni Mitsou (Xekinima - CWI Greece) and Apostolis Cassimere’s (Board Member of OASA - Athens Bus Workers’ Union):
Struggle achieves public contracts for 100s cleaning workers

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

Britain: The ‘Corbynomics’ challenge
27/09/2016, Hannah Sell, from the October issue of Socialism Today (monthly journal of the Socialist Party England & Wales):
What economic policies can end austerity and transform workers’ lives?

Leon Trotsky’s living legacy
21/09/2016, Peter Taaffe, general secretary of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) :
Review of "The Life and Death of Leon Trotsky", published in the latest issue of Socialism Today

Britain: Corbyn's Brexit opportunity
06/09/2016, Clive Heemskerk, from Socialism Today, September 2016 issue (monthly magazine of the Socialist Party - CWI England & Wales) :
Socialist, internationalist policies can rally both Leave and Remain voters

Germany: Growing crises and the Left party
03/09/2016, Wolfram Klein (SAV – CWI Germany) :
War, refugees and global economic disaster knocking on Germany's door

Brazil: Impeachment farce only serves big capital
02/09/2016, LSR (CWI in Brazil) statement:
Temer out! General elections now! General strike to defend our rights!

France: Burkini ban fuels Islamophobia
30/08/2016, Judy Beishon, from The Socialist (weekly paper of the Socialist Party, CWI England & Wales):
For workers’ unity and struggle against racism, division and austerity

Book review: Iraq, IS and the failing war on terror
28/08/2016, Manny Thain, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales), from the September edition of Socialism Today:
Published earlier this year before the Chilcot report was finally released, Blood Year by counter-insurgency strategist David Kilcullen is a damning indictment of the so-called war on terror unleased by US imperialism in 2001, with the full support of Tony Blair.

Haiti: 225th anniversary of anti-slavery, anti-colonial revolution
27/08/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
A heroic and lasting inspiration to the oppressed everywhere

Russia: Twenty five years since the coup against Gorbachev
25/08/2016, Rob Jones, CWI in Russia :
Decades of ‘shock therapy capitalism’, wars and corruption

Middle East: ISIS’ waning “caliphate”
20/08/2016, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Imperialist solutions are no solution at all

Russia: Twenty fifth anniversary of attempted coup
19/08/2016, Clare Doyle, International Secretariat of the CWI:
Attempted Stalinist counter-revolution speeds up capitalist counter-revolution

US: Trump in trouble
17/08/2016, Tom Crean, Socialist Alternative, USA:
Political polarisation deepens

Britain: The Corbyn insurgency 2.0
15/08/2016, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Now let’s finish the job

CWI Summer School: Economic instability, inter-imperialist tensions, workers struggles’ and political earthquakes
03/08/2016, James McCabe, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland):
Report of the discussion on world perspectives at the recent CWI Summer School

Germany: ‘Brexit’ and the German Left
30/07/2016, Sascha Stanicic, Sozialistische Alternative (CWI in Germany):
Reject the bosses’ EU! For a Europe of working people - a voluntary socialist federation

US: A call to action
27/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the US):
Walk out from the Democratic National Convention!

CWI Summer School: Europe in the aftermath of the Brexit shock
26/07/2016, Kevin Parslow, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Continent enters new phase of political and economic crises

US: Bernie Abandons 'the Revolution’
14/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist councillor Seattle City :
Time to back Green candidate Jill Stein

Australia: Close election result - A crisis for the establishment
08/07/2016, Socialist Party (CWI Australia) statement :
To fight anti-working class measures, we must build a socialist alternative

History: 1936 - Spain’s revolutionary promise
06/07/2016, Tony Saunois, from Socialism Today (July/August 2016):
Working class and peasants rose up against capitalist exploitation, poverty and fascism

US: Beyond Bernie
01/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the USA):
Still not with her

Britain: Referendum revolt
27/06/2016, Peter Taaffe, from Socialism Today (issue No.200, July-August 2016):
Capitalist establishment shattered

Asia: Conflict in the South China Sea
16/06/2016, This is an abridged version of an article by Vincent Kolo, originally published on chinaworker.info.:
Territorial disputes resemble pieces on a ‘geopolitical chessboard’ as the US and China struggle for hegemony in Asia

Middle East: ISIS under pressure on several fronts
15/06/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
Working classes, through bitterest of experiences, will take to road of mass struggle again

EU: Left parties turning against bosses’ Europe
10/06/2016, Danny Byrne, CWI:
Progress in Portugal and Spain, confusion in Britain