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February revolution 1917
What lessons for today?

21/02/2017: 23 February 1917 (8 March in today’s calendar) marked the beginning of the socialist revolution in Russia, which sparked a revolutionary wave that would travel around the world.

  Russian Revolution

 Yemen
International protests in support of TOTAL/G4S workers

20/02/2017: Solidarity spreads for victims of wage robbery and killing by multinational corporations

  Solidarity, Yemen

Netherlands
Anti-immigrant Freedom Party leading polls ahead of general elections

18/02/2017: Only a choice between the “regular” and far-right?

  Netherlands

Britain
Council cuts can be fought - and they must be

16/02/2017: Corbyn needs to stand up to Brexit rebels

  Aceh

Spain
Pablo Iglesias wins clear victory in Podemos congress

15/02/2017: Time to build the class struggle on the streets

  Spain

US
A socialist strategy to defeat Trump

14/02/2017: Escalate the resistance toward shutdowns on March 8 and May 1!

  US

Scotland
Greens back SNP government austerity budget

13/02/2017: TUSC council elections candidates put forward 100% anti-austerity programme

  Scotland

India
Upheaval in Tamil Nadu

09/02/2017: Corruption, nepotism, and other crimes of ruling party exposed

  India

Britain
Universal basic income demand gains ground

08/02/2017: What approach should socialists take?

  Britain

Yemen
Workers protest at parliament against TOTAL and G4S

07/02/2017: Security workers demand wages and arrest of colleagues’ killers

  Yemen

CWI and Izquierda Revolucionaria – Towards unification

06/02/2017: Joint declaration of the CWI’s IEC and Izquierda Revolucionaria’s IEC

  Spain

France
After Sarkozy, Juppé and Valls, now Fillon is on the way out

06/02/2017: Space opening up to left of Socialist Party

  France

Romania
Biggest street protests since 1989

04/02/2017: What position should the left take?

  Romania

Syria
Is an end to the war in sight?

03/02/2017: New movements for change will need to arm themselves with the lessons of the Syrian tragedy

  Syria

Quebec
Terrorist Attack in Québec City

01/02/2017: Counter terrorism and hate with solidarity

  Quebec

 CWI
9th Latin American school a success

31/01/2017: Over 200 participate in Sao Paolo CWI continental gathering

  CWI

Sri Lanka
The year 2017

31/01/2017: Between oppression and struggle

  Sri Lanka

Canada
Where are Trudeau’s ‘Sunny Ways’?

31/01/2017: Battles of Indigenous peoples, youth, workers will test Liberal government

  Canada

US
Airport protests help block Trump travel ban

30/01/2017: Defend immigrant communities

  US

Russian Revolution Centenary
January 1917 - On the eve of revolution

29/01/2017: War, hunger, hated Tsarist regime: class tensions reach breaking point

  Russian Revolution

China
CWI member Hu Xufang forced to flee

28/01/2017: Xu and his family are victims of China’s deepening police crackdown

  China

Afghanistan
The limits of US power

28/01/2017: Imperialism’s 15-year adventure a bloody catastrophe for millions

  Afghanistan

US
Build 100 days of resistance to Trump’s agenda!

27/01/2017: Establishment deeply divided as mass resistance explodes

  US

Russia
Duma legislates to decriminalise domestic violence

26/01/2017: For unified struggle for women’s rights and against capitalism

  Russia

Tamil Nadu
Mass protests against state repression

26/01/2017: Support the right to assemble and protest - release those arrested immediately!

  India

Millions on women's marches around the world

25/01/2017: Reports from mass women's marches against Trump

  US

Bangladesh
Hartal protest against power plant

25/01/2017: Follows mass strike of garment workers in December

  Bangladesh

Côte d’Ivoire
Social revolts shake Ouattara regime

24/01/2017: Public sector strike and soldiers’ mutiny expose reality behind “economic growth”

  Ivory Coast

Taiwan
US foreign policy under Trump

24/01/2017: Island risks being pawn in his game

  Taiwan

US
CWI joins protests around the world against Trump

23/01/2017: Photo gallery selection of CWI actions during weekend of mass protests

  US

US
Kshama Sawant responds to Trump inauguration speech

23/01/2017: Socialist council member speaks

  US

China
New US President’s approach to China

21/01/2017: Outbursts raise fears of confrontation

  China

Russian Revolution Centenary
New site celebrates and defends October socialist revolution

20/01/2017: 1917revolution.org brings rich lessons of 100 years ago to wide audience

  History

Portugal

General strike announced after biggest workers’ march in 32 years

www.socialistworld.net, 17/02/2012
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

Determination to break from current path towards ruin and bankruptcy

Danny Byrne, CWI and Fransisco Oliveira Raposo, Socialismo Revolucionario (CWI in Portugal)

CGTP union organisers claimed that the workers, pensioners and young people, who flooded onto the streets of Lisbon on Saturday 11 February numbered over 300,000. This would make the demo, called against the austerity policies pushed by the right-wing coalition government and Troika, the biggest workers’ march in 32 years, since the revolutionary period of the 1970s. These policies are driving the economy and society further and further down the “Greek road”, towards mass impoverishment and default. But, with a general strike now announced for 22 March it is being shown that, as in Greece, the working people will shake the system to its foundations in the fight for an alternative road.

A sea of red flags and banners set off from various points in the city centre, and converged in human sea. Chants of “alternative policies are urgently necessary”, “the struggle will continue on the streets and in the workplaces” were heard throughout, as the mood on the demonstration represented a clear shift in a more militant and determined direction. With the announcement of a new general strike, the stage is set for a period of escalated class battles.

Troika austerity accelerates social degradation

The continual release of economic and social data from last year, paints quite a clear picture, which reinforces the necessity of entering the stage of struggle. This is a picture of spiralling living standards, and an economic crisis which is worsening in tandem with the increasing levels of austerity being imposed by consecutive governments and the Troika. This is confirmed by all the fundamental indicators. Mass unemployment is worsening, with 2011 having registered twice the number of company layoffs than 2010. And on top of this, records show the real avalanche of job losses coming in the autumn / winter period, after Troika representatives had settled in. The dead end of austerity policies has even been registered by capitalist investors. 2011 saw a 25% drop in industrial orders and exports, again with a rapid acceleration of the decline in the last months of the year.

Mass unemployment and attacks on the wages and conditions of workers, with salaries cut across the board and a lengthening of the working week, are combined with rising prices of basic goods and services, such as electricity and transport. The result is a rapid and massive impoverishment, which threatens the fragile existence of the Portuguese middle class. The media has reported on how price rises implemented in the new year led to a new swathe of insolvency and bankruptcy, overwhelmingly hitting the former ’middle class’. The national debt support office (GAS), which provides emergency debt assistance, reported that the overwhelming majority of those seeking aid were university graduates, with an income of over 1,500 Euros a month. This process, leading to a rapid polarisation between a rich elite and an impoverished majority is the spectre which awaits the mass of Portuguese people on the basis of Troika capitalist rule.

2nd bailout?

However, the most striking illustration of the failure of last year’s bailout package is the situation regarding the debt itself. After almost 1 year of brutal austerity with the aim of reducing the debt and calming the debt markets, Portugal now pays over 3 times the risk premium on its debt than it did before the “bailout” was agreed! The plan upon which the bailout was agreed, with an expected return of Portugal to the financial markets in 2013, has been blown to smithereens by the disastrous impact of these policies. All serious ’independent’ commentators accept that these targets are fanciful, and take for granted the necessity of going back to the Troika for another bailout.

Government sources are eager to deny such a prospect, but these denials are fairly reminiscent of those of Socrates, the previous Socialist Party Prime Minister, who denied the need for a bailout in the first place right up until the last minute, insisting that “everything was under control”. In fact, so ridiculous is the current government’s position, that it has not even been able to keep the truth from escaping its own ranks! Eduardo Catroga, himself a negotiator appointed by the government to deal with the Troika, admitted weeks ago that “at least another 20 billion” was necessary in order to meet obligations. At a recent EU summit, the Portuguese Finance Minister was caught on camera speaking with his German counterpart, who assured him that a “renegotiation” of the package would be possible, once the situation with Greece had became more stable.

How long will it be before the game is up? A 2nd bailout, inevitably attached to even greater austerity would even more clearly push Portugal down the Greek road, with even more miserable conditions imposed on the majority. When the Troika arrived initially, despite massive opposition, there were some hopes that financial aid would allow the worst to be overcome. A layer of people who remembered the IMF’s intervention in 1979, which preceded Portugal’s entry to the European Union, and despite brutal attacks on the working class, gave way to a period of so-called prosperity, had hopes that the Troika’s intervention could have similar eventual results. But these hopes, and the hopes hammered into people since that period by capitalism to the effect that a new era of prosperity of Portugal in Europe had dawned, are being crushed. The reality, that rather than help the ’promotion’ of Portugal into the EU “premier league”, the capitalist EU merely cemented the dominance of the big European powers, is settling in, leading to an explosive mixture in consciousness.

New social movements

The crisis has not been wanting for manifestations of social unrest. Under the misnamed Partido Socialista government, led by José Sócrates in 2010, a set of three packages of austerity measures, notoriously named “Stability and Growth Plans” (PECs) were implemented, which in reality, sped up the process of crisis and impoverishment. The growing pace of attacks and the huge anger amongst the working class led to a general strike in November 2010 which paralysed the economy. But it was followed by a period of demobilisation of the movement by the trade union leaders. Then, in March of 2011, over 300,000 youths exploded onto the streets in the ’Geracao a Rasca’ protests, which, organised through facebook and social networks, were a prelude to the European indignados’ movements. This movement showed a new layer of activists, mostly young people, driven into struggle under the pressures of events.

The fall of Jose Sócrates’ government and the elections which followed seemed to put a temporary break on these new movements, but the new coalition government of right-wing parties soon faced new mass oposition. The ’15-O Platform’ mobilised 100,000 young people in October and has given way to the continued, although lower scale, activity of various social movements, such as the Portuguese indignados, Occupy, Anonymous etc.

Part of the basis for the explosion onto the surface of these new social movements was the failure of the trade union movement to profile itself as a dependable and democratic fighting force, after the experience of the 2010 general strike. However, the re-entry of the trade union movement onto the stage with the 24 November 2011 general strike of massive proportions, followed by the election of a new leadership of the CGTP (main union federation) which is seen as more militant, and Saturday’s demonstration, the organised workers’ movement seems to have re-taken the momentum. However, the fundamental tasks posed by the new social movements, of opening up the unions on the basis of democratic control from below, unionising the young ’precariat’ and the building of a united movement of workers, youth and the unemployed, remain unsolved.

Another expression of the unstable situation and unrest has been the consistent rifts in the state apparatus, with army staff and sergeants’ associations in open conflict with the government over cuts and changes to practice. A recent war of words took place between the Minister of Defence and the sergeant’s association, when the former demanded that those in the armed forces who wanted to protest “look for another career”. This was replied to with a defiant open letter from the sergeants’ union, in defence of the right to protest. The trade union and social movements must support all attempts by soldiers and sergeants’ organisations to resist the attacks of the government, and make appeals for them to join in a united movement, including the defence of their right to take strike action. Such an approach could be vital in the coming period of class confrontations, to weaken the capacity of the capitalists to implement their brutality by force.

CGTP

The government’s and Portuguese capitalists’ shameless attempts to isolate Greece and portray the Portuguese situation as completely different are reminiscent of a slave who flogs his friend to please his master! The capitalist press are full of hypocritical attacks on the Greek people “who borrowed more than they could pay back” etc. One of their boasts has been that unlike Greece, they have established a “social pact”, on the basis of which the Troika deal can be implemented. But they forget to mention that this “pact” does not include the biggest trade union federation in the country! As opposed to the smaller UGT federation, the CGTP has refused to sign up to this ’Tripartite’ deal. Reports now indicate that there is a substantial movement of UGT members and rank and file leaders towards the CGTP, as it becomes seen as a more militant point of reference. This was followed by the election of Arménio Carlos as new CGTP secretary. Arménio began his leadership with a series of fiery speeches, and there are hopes amongst the CGTP’s rank and file that he will implement a new strategy, distinct from that of sporadic strikes and demonstrations to let off steam, pursued by the previous Carvalho da Silva leadership.

The following up of last Saturday’s mass demonstration with the announcement of a general strike on 22 March is a good start. Socialismo Revolucionario (CWI in Portugal) , while welcoming the opportunity which the new leadership represents to fight for an alternative policy, demands that the class struggle be democratically controlled from below, not leaving the top leadership with the unchallenged power to call and call off actions and mobilisations. The general strike should be democratically built for by mass assemblies and strike committees in workplaces, communities universities and schools, with the drawing up of a plan to defeat the government and its policies, involving a series of general strikes of escalating duration, linked to alternative policies, such as the non-payment of the debt to the bankers and speculators and for massive investment of society’s wealth in jobs and socially useful projects. Such bodies should also be open to UGT members who want to participate in strike action, and to non-union workers.

For a political answer to the blackmail

SR members intervened on Saturday’s demonstration selling copies of our newspaper and seeking to build support for our ideas. Now more than ever, a clear political answer to the blackmail of the capitalist parties and Troika is necessary. However, it is tragic at this crucial stage that the leaders of the mass left parties continue to confine their demands to a “renegotiation” of the debt. But on the basis of what re-negotiation would the debt be acceptable, or sustainable?? Look at Greece, where the debt has been renegotiated, with a 70% “write off” of private sector debt. This goes much further than the type of renegotiation demanded by Francisco Louca of the Left Bloc at the time of the Troika intervention, when he called for renegotiation to lower interest rates. And even this has done nothing and will do nothing to reverse the process of devastation in Greece.

From the organised working class movement and the left parties which should represent it, there can be no other position than a repudiation of the debt. With the nationalisation of the banks and key sectors of the economy under democratic control, we could develop an emergency plan to combat the crisis and the poverty spiral. On the basis of mass struggles and of campaigning for such a positive programme, a united front of the left parties (especially the PCP and Left Bloc) could popularise this programme, and the alternative of a workers’ government to transform Portuguese society along socialist lines.

To those who say that this would turn the Euro powers against us, we say that the international offensive of the capitalists and EU must be met with working class internationalism. International action and struggle is key to any alternative to the current crisis. The upcoming mobilisations in Southern Europe, with a general strike in Italy on 9 March, a brewing battle over new labour reform legislation in Spain, and the ongoing turmoil in Greece, must be coordinated with the movement in Portugal. A coordinated general strike in these countries would transform the situation, give confidence to the working class and display the power of the workers, young people and unemployed when mobilised internationally. On the basis of such a power, an alternative Europe of the workers can be built to the capitalist EU.



Europe

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Video: US Socialist Students build for student walkouts against Trump, 15/12/2016

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Che Guevara: Símbolo de Lucha

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A socialist world is possible, the history of the cwi with new introduction by Peter Planning green growth, a contribution to the debate on enviromental sustainability

NEWS

Yemen: International protests in support of TOTAL/G4S workers
20/02/2017, Socialistworld.net:
Solidarity spreads for victims of wage robbery and killing by multinational corporations

Netherlands: Anti-immigrant Freedom Party leading polls ahead of general elections
18/02/2017, Pieter Brans, Socialist Alternative (CWI in Netherlands), Amsterdam:
Only a choice between the “regular” and far-right?

Solidarity: French presidential candidate Mélenchon backs #JobstownNotGuilty campaign
17/02/2017, socialistworld.net :
Support the international solidarity campaign

Britain: Council cuts can be fought - and they must be
16/02/2017, Editorial comments from the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) :
Corbyn needs to stand up to Brexit rebels

Spain: Pablo Iglesias wins clear victory in Podemos congress
15/02/2017, Izquierda Revolucionaria, Spain:
Time to build the class struggle on the streets

US: A socialist strategy to defeat Trump
14/02/2017, Kshama Sawant, Seattle City Council Woman and member of Socialist Alternative :
Escalate the resistance toward shutdowns on March 8 and May 1!

Greece: Athens’ bus cleaners win bulk of wages owed
14/02/2017, Eleni Mitsou (Xekinima - CWI Greece) and Apostolis Cassimere’s (Board Member of OASA - Athens Bus Workers’ Union):
The struggle continues!

Scotland: Greens back SNP government austerity budget
13/02/2017, Matt Dobson, Socialist Paty Scotland (CWI), Glasgow:
TUSC council elections candidates put forward 100% anti-austerity programme

Yemen: Workers protest at parliament against TOTAL and G4S
07/02/2017, Socialistworld.net:
Security workers demand wages and arrest of colleagues’ killers

Romania: Biggest street protests since 1989
04/02/2017, Mâna de Lucru (CWI supporters in Romania):
What position should the left take?

Quebec: Terrorist Attack in Québec City
01/02/2017, Socialist Alternative (CWI in Canada) :
Counter terrorism and hate with solidarity

CWI: 9th Latin American school a success
31/01/2017, socialistworld.net:
Over 200 participate in Sao Paolo CWI continental gathering

US: Airport protests help block Trump travel ban
30/01/2017, Socialist Alternative reporters, US :
Defend immigrant communities

China: CWI member Hu Xufang forced to flee
28/01/2017, chinaworker.info reporters :
Xu and his family are victims of China’s deepening police crackdown

Russia: Duma legislates to decriminalise domestic violence
26/01/2017, From Socialist Alternative (Russian CWI) website (socialist.news) :
For unified struggle for women’s rights and against capitalism

Tamil Nadu: Mass protests against state repression
26/01/2017, Isai Priya, from Tamil Solidarity website :
Support the right to assemble and protest - release those arrested immediately!

Bangladesh: Hartal protest against power plant
25/01/2017, Pete Mason, Socialist Party (CWI in England and Wales) :
Follows mass strike of garment workers in December

Côte d’Ivoire: Social revolts shake Ouattara regime
24/01/2017, Militant Côte d’Ivoire (CWI group in Côte d’Ivoire) :
Public sector strike and soldiers’ mutiny expose reality behind “economic growth”

Taiwan: US foreign policy under Trump
24/01/2017, Vincent Kolo, chinaworker.info:
Island risks being pawn in his game

US: CWI joins protests around the world against Trump
23/01/2017, socialistworld.net :
Photo gallery selection of CWI actions during weekend of mass protests

US: Kshama Sawant responds to Trump inauguration speech
23/01/2017, socialistworld.net :
Socialist council member speaks

Russian Revolution Centenary: New site celebrates and defends October socialist revolution
20/01/2017, socialistworld.net :
1917revolution.org brings rich lessons of 100 years ago to wide audience

Kazakhstan: Regime increases repression
20/01/2017, Andrei Prigor from Campaign Kazakhstan:
Citizens forced to register with police at all times

US: Global resistance against Trump’s inauguration
20/01/2017, socialistworld.net :
CWI organizes protests as millions prepare to fight Trump’s agenda

Portugal: Purge in the Left Bloc
20/01/2017, Ysmail, Socialismo Revolucionário (CWI in Portugal):
6 CWI members expelled in undemocratic attack

India: Struggle against land grab in Pune
16/01/2017, Venkatesh Harale, New Socialist Alternative (CWI in India):
Socialists and villagers wage tireless battle

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

February revolution 1917: What lessons for today?
21/02/2017, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales), printed in the Socialist (paper of the Socialist Party):
23 February 1917 (8 March in today’s calendar) marked the beginning of the socialist revolution in Russia, which sparked a revolutionary wave that would travel around the world.

India: Upheaval in Tamil Nadu
09/02/2017, Sajith Attepuram, New Socialist Alternative (NSA) (CWI India) :
Corruption, nepotism, and other crimes of ruling party exposed

Britain: Universal basic income demand gains ground
08/02/2017, Judy Beishon, from The Socialist (weekly newspaper of the Socialist Party – CWI England & Wales) :
What approach should socialists take?

CWI and Izquierda Revolucionaria – Towards unification
06/02/2017, Socialistworld.net :
Joint declaration of the CWI’s IEC and Izquierda Revolucionaria’s IEC

France: After Sarkozy, Juppé and Valls, now Fillon is on the way out
06/02/2017, Alex Rouillard, Gauche Révolutionnaire (CWI in France) :
Space opening up to left of Socialist Party

Syria: Is an end to the war in sight?
03/02/2017, Serge Jordan (CWI) :
New movements for change will need to arm themselves with the lessons of the Syrian tragedy

Sri Lanka: The year 2017
31/01/2017, Siritunga Jayasuriya, United Socialist Party (CWI in Sri Lanka) :
Between oppression and struggle

Canada: Where are Trudeau’s ‘Sunny Ways’?
31/01/2017, Tim Heffernan, Socialist Alternative (CWI Canada), Toronto

:
Battles of Indigenous peoples, youth, workers will test Liberal government

Russian Revolution Centenary: January 1917 - On the eve of revolution
29/01/2017, Niall Mulholland, from 1917revolution.org :
War, hunger, hated Tsarist regime: class tensions reach breaking point

Afghanistan: The limits of US power
28/01/2017, Judy Beishon, from Socialism Today (February 2017 issue), monthly magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales)<br />
<br />
:
Imperialism’s 15-year adventure a bloody catastrophe for millions

US: Build 100 days of resistance to Trump’s agenda!
27/01/2017, Bryan Koulouris, Socialist Alternative, US :
Establishment deeply divided as mass resistance explodes

Millions on women's marches around the world
25/01/2017, Editorial from the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) and reports from US marches :
Reports from mass women's marches against Trump

China: New US President’s approach to China
21/01/2017, Vincent Kolo, chinaworker.info :
Outbursts raise fears of confrontation

Ireland North: Snap elections called to Stormont Assembly
17/01/2017, Daniel Waldron, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland), Belfast :
Build a socialist alternative to the ‘Orange’ versus ‘Green’ headcount

Spain: What kind of Podemos do workers and youth need?
17/01/2017, Izquierda Revolucionaria, Spanish state, editorial :
Debate within leadership touches on fundamental issues for future of party

US: Trump prepares vicious attacks
05/01/2017, Philip Locker and Tom Crean, Socialist Alternative (US):
Mass resistance needed!

Russian Revolution centenary
02/01/2017, Editorial from Socialism Today, Dec/Jan 2017 edition:
Defending the legacy in a new era

2017:Upheaval and fightback will continue
01/01/2017, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) general secretary :
Everything to play for in 2017

Britain's shifting political contours
22/12/2016, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) from Socialism Today Dec/Jan 2017 edition :
Capitalist establishment in disarray

CWI International Executive Committee: European capitalism “battered by events”
16/12/2016, Kevin Henry, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland) :
Report of discussion on Europe at CWI IEC meeting in November

CWI International Executive Committee: World shaken by seismic political events
14/12/2016, Kevin Parslow, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Report of first session of the CWI International Executive Committee, discussing World Relations

World capitalism in deep crisis
08/12/2016, CWI :
Perspectives documents agreed by November CWI international meeting

Sudan: Three day nationwide strike shuts down the country, in unique defiance of Al-Bashir’s rule
30/11/2016, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Escalation of the struggle needed to overthrow repressive regime

US: Trump prepares attacks on working people,immigrants and women
27/11/2016, Tom Crean and Philip Locker, Socialist Alternative (USA):
We must prepare massive resistance!

Cuba: Fidel Castro, leader of 1959 revolution, dies at 90
26/11/2016, Tony Saunois, CWI :
Castro's life and the Cuban Revolution