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latest news

 Cameroon
Free jailed Buea activists!

28/07/2016: 100 protest outside the court demanding release of the 15

  Cameroon, Solidarity

Cote d’Ivoire
Protests against electricity prices

28/07/2016: The straw that broke the camel’s back!

  Ivory Coast

US
A call to action

27/07/2016: Walk out from the Democratic National Convention!

  US

Chile
One million protest against private pension fund

26/07/2016: After student protests, working class returns to streets

  Chile

 CWI Summer School
Europe in the aftermath of the Brexit shock

26/07/2016: Continent enters new phase of political and economic crises

  CWI

Britain
Westminster renews Trident weapons of mass destruction

25/07/2016: Debate exposes Labour as two parties

  Britain

Belgium
Brutal repression against Hong Kong socialist at Brussels Airport

18/07/2016: Chinese methods against Marxists copied by Belgian authorities

  Belgium

Turkey
Attempted coup failed

16/07/2016: No to military rule, no to Erdogan’s rule! For a workers’ alternative!

  Turkey

France
In the face of terror in Nice we will not be intimidated !

16/07/2016: No to hatred, suspicion and racism : don’t let us be divided !

  France

US
Bernie Abandons 'the Revolution’

14/07/2016: Time to back Green candidate Jill Stein

  US

Spain
Disappointment for Left in re-run elections

12/07/2016: Mass mobilisation and struggle necessary for real change

  Spain

Greece
Rise in support for Grexit; fall in support for SYRIZA

11/07/2016: Highest levels recorded against Eurozone and EU membership following Brexit

  Greece

China’s economy
‘Dead panda bounce’

10/07/2016: Has China’s economy turned a corner?

  China

Egypt
Third anniversary of coming to power of military regime

09/07/2016: Rebuilding Workers’ and youth struggles

  Egypt

Britain
Chilcot's damning findings on Iraq war

08/07/2016: More piles of evidence against the blood-soaked war for oil

  Britain

Australia
Close election result - A crisis for the establishment

08/07/2016: To fight anti-working class measures, we must build a socialist alternative

  Australia

Austria
Presidential elections re-run

08/07/2016: Court order to re-run elections sends shockwaves through establishment

  Austria

Netherlands
After Brexit, are we heading towards ‘Nexit’?

07/07/2016: Right populist Geert Wilders promises: “Our turn is next”

  Netherlands

History
1936 - Spain’s revolutionary promise

06/07/2016: Working class and peasants rose up against capitalist exploitation, poverty and fascism

  Spain

Britain
Stand firm and organise against the Blairite coup

06/07/2016: No compromise possible in Labour’s civil war

  Britain

 Video
#KeepCorbyn solidarity from Irish parliament

06/07/2016: Socialist MPs - Ruth Coppinger and Paul Murphy - speak in support of Jeremy Corbyn against Blairite coup in Irish parliament

  Britain, Video

Turkey
Terrorist attack at İstanbul Atatürk Airport kills dozens

01/07/2016: No to war and terror! Yes to workers’ unity and solidarity!

  Turkey

Iran
Gold Miners Lashed, jailed workers on hunger strike

01/07/2016: Iranian workers need solidarity

  Iran

US
Beyond Bernie

01/07/2016: Still not with her

  US

 Video
Defend Jeremy Corbyn

30/06/2016: Fight the Blairite coup

  Britain, Video

Britain
Blairite coup against Jeremy Corbyn

29/06/2016: Defend anti-austerity struggle

  Britain

Mexico
Teachers continue strike despite extreme repression

28/06/2016: Working people in Mexico need fighting unions, an independent left party, and socialism

  Mexico

Britain
Referendum revolt

27/06/2016: Capitalist establishment shattered

  Britain

Scotland
After Brexit, SNP government threaten second Indy referendum

27/06/2016: Leave vote higher than average in many working class areas

  Scotland

Britain
After the referendum

24/06/2016: Tories Out! General election now! Fight for a 24 hour general strike

  Britain, Europe

Pakistan
Budget 2016-17

24/06/2016: The digits change but reality remains a nightmare for most

  Pakistan

Middle East

Obituary - Yasser Arafat (1929-2004)

www.socialistworld.net, 11/11/2004
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

Palestinians mourn Arafat but struggle for liberation will continue

Rotem and Gal, Maavak Sotzialisti, Israel

Obituary

Yasser Arafat (1929-2004)

Many Palestinians will view the death of Yasser Arafat with a mixture of sadness and a wish that the Palestinian Authority he led, had done much more to end the poverty and oppression that blights their lives.

Whatever doubts some Palestinians may have had about his leadership they will see in his death, a snapshot of the brutal oppression and tenuous existence they face on a daily basis. Arafat remained a virtual prisoner in his compound for three years, a situation which undoubtedly contributed to the illnesses from which he died.

Yasser Arafat is seen by most Palestinians as a symbol of the longstanding Palestinian struggle against Israeli occupation. His past as a guerilla leader since the 1960s as one of the founders of the Fatah organization and the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organisation) gave him a special status among the Palestinian masses. It is hard for many Palestinians to think who could play the same role or have the same authority as Yasser Arafat.

But while respect will be shown for the role he played amongst many Palestinians, there will be others who rightly question Arafat’s (and the other PLO leaders’) tactics and strategy in attempting to win Palestinian national liberation. In the earlier years of Fatah and the PLO this was armed attacks by secretive guerilla groups as opposed to mass action by the working class and peasantry armed for self-defence. Later on Arafat and other leaders attempted to form diplomatic alliances with corrupt Arab regimes and negotiate with imperialist powers.

Black September

When Arafat was faced with a revolutionary situation, he unfortunately betrayed such movements. September 1970 in Jordan was one such example where large sections of Palestinians and Jordanians rose up against the corrupt regime of King Hussein. Arafat and the PLO leaders could have led a revolutionary struggle for power which would have changed the whole face of the Middle East. Instead Arafat made concessions to King Hussein and tens of thousands of Palestinians were killed in the retribution by the Jordanian army that followed.

After the war and the Israeli occupation of Lebanon in the 1980s, Arafat and most of the PLO leadership escaped to exile in Tunis. Exile meant that they no longer had the same intimate connection with the Palestinians and also alienated them from the conditions that the majority of Palestinian faced.

The distance between the Palestinian masses and the leadership based in exile was clearly demonstrated at the beginning of the first Intifada. The PLO leadership in exile was completely taken by surprise by this event, as was the Israeli regime. The first Intifada provided the basis for the growth of a new leadership from below in the West Bank and the Gaza strip. After the signing of the Oslo agreement brought the Tunis leadership back to the Occupied Territories, tensions and disagreements developed between it and the local leadership which have remained in different forms up to the present day.

At the beginning of the 1990s the pace of the Intifada had slowed as a consequence of years of struggle without the defeat of the Israeli military occupation of the territories. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the support of the Fatah for Sadam Husain during the first Gulf War left the PLO isolated and financially bankrupt.

Under the pressure of US imperialism, which feared future upheavals in the region, the Israeli ruling class took advantage of the PLO’s weakened position to force it into negotiations and to accept the Oslo agreement. This deal was never meant to give the Palestinians national liberation. It was designed to grant a Bantustan-type prison existence to the Palestinian masses with the Palestinian Authority acting as guards and the Israeli state as prison governor.

The Israeli ruling class preferred to deal with the old weak leadership from Tunis which was not as militant as the leadership on the ground. Arafat’s regime represented the capitalist interests of the Palestinian elite and was totally dependent on the Israeli ruling class for its existence. As such it could not and never intended to solve the problems of the Palestinians.

The standard of living under the PA regime declined severely hand in hand with the continuing oppression by the Israeli Defence Forces. At the same time a small elite enriched itself on the expense of the masses. Without any solution to the problems of daily life the peace process couldn’t last for long. This was the basis for the second Intifada.

Second Intifada

The second Intifada was aimed against both the Israeli regime and in a distorted way the PA. The first reaction of the PA leadership was to condemn this outburst of the Palestinian masses. Only after they saw they could not hold back the movement, they tried to take the lead of the intifada.

Over the last few years the Israeli blockade on Arafat in Ramallah, gave him back the status of a symbol of the Palestinian resistance.

However, despite the fact that for many years Ariel Sharon, the Israeli prime minister, yearned for Arafat’s death, the news about Arafat’s life-threatening illness came at a very inconvenient time for him. In addition to the fear of being blamed for his death, and the affect it might have on the Palestinian street, the death of Arafat actually poses serious questions concerning the strategy of the Israeli ruling class.

For the last few years the main claim of the Israeli regime was that Arafat is an obstacle to any negotiation between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. This was one of the main arguments Sharon used to justify the disengagement plan.

The death of Arafat could lead to events which dramatically change the situation in Israel and he PA. Many names have been mentioned as candidates to replace Arafat as the PA president and the leader of the PLO and Fatah: Abu Alla, Abu Mazen, Muhamad Dahlan, even Faruq Kadumi (who opposed the Oslo agreement at first) and Marwan Baraguti who has sat in an Israeli jail for more than 2 years and holds credit for that in the Palestinian street. But none of them have the credit Arafat had as a symbol and a guerilla fighter.

Even during Arafat’s life we saw early struggles over the future control of the Gaza strip, when last summer Dahlan’s faction in Fatah challenged the control of Arafat’s armed forces.

More complicated

Now the situation has became more complicated, since Hamas have also laid a claim for a share in governing the PA. Hamas enjoy mass support in Gaza, but if it became part of the PA this might change over the long run and could cause enormous pressure to be exerted on the PA by the imperialist powers who could oppose its inclusion.

Other issues might bring clashes quite quickly - even before his death there was a demand by the PA for him to be buried at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem which was ruled out by the Israeli authorities. Whatever the eventual decision on this issue, the main question will be that the funeral will be accompanied by a mass presence of Palestinians on the streets in a situation which will not be fully under the control of the PA.

At the end of October Sharon won the vote on the disengagement plan in the Knesset (Israeli parliament). The Israeli ruling class wants to withdraw from the Gaza strip, but many of the Likud MPs from Sharon’s party are opposed which has exerted huge pressure on the Prime Minister. Four of Likud’s ministers tried to ambush Sharon during the voting.

Sharon suffers from a lack of support inside his party, and his governmental coalition includes less than half of all MPs and therefore the government is unstable.

At the moment he claims that nothing has changed since the death of Arafat, but there is strong pressure from inside the Likud for canceling the disengagement plan and going back to negotiations with a new future partner.

The option of a government of national unity is still open but it seems like the next general elections in Israel are only a matter of a short time away.

The death of Arafat has released forces of instability that were hidden beneath the surface, building up for a long time. These pressures did not develop because of the personality of Arafat but because of the inability of capitalism and imperialism to solve the daily problems of Palestinian and Israeli workers.

The solution is way beyond the hands of capitalism and its agents. The problems of the masses can only be solved by the organisation of society under a socialist plan to reconcile national differences by establishing two socialist states as part of the struggle to build a socialist federation on the basis of equal rights in the Middle East.



Europe

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NEWS

Cameroon: Free jailed Buea activists!
28/07/2016, CWI reporters:
100 protest outside the court demanding release of the 15

Cote d’Ivoire: Protests against electricity prices
28/07/2016, CWI in Cote d’Ivoire:
The straw that broke the camel’s back!

Britain: No compromise with Labour right wing
28/07/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, newspaper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
#Keep Corbyn

Chile: One million protest against private pension fund
26/07/2016, Celso Calfullan and Patricio Guzman Socialism Revolucionario (CIT/CWI Chile):
After student protests, working class returns to streets

Britain: Westminster renews Trident weapons of mass destruction
25/07/2016, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) Reporters:
Debate exposes Labour as two parties

Belgium: Brutal repression against Hong Kong socialist at Brussels Airport
18/07/2016, CWI reporters :
Chinese methods against Marxists copied by Belgian authorities

Turkey: Attempted coup failed
16/07/2016, Sosyalist Alternatif (CWI in Turkey) :
No to military rule, no to Erdogan’s rule! For a workers’ alternative!

France: In the face of terror in Nice we will not be intimidated !
16/07/2016, Statement by Gauche Revolutionnaire (CWI in France), 15.07.16 :
No to hatred, suspicion and racism : don’t let us be divided !

China: Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) verdict on South China Sea a major diplomatic blow to China
15/07/2016, From ChinaWorker.info:
Only winner from tribunal’s ruling is arms industry

Malaysia: Scandal-ridden prime minister launches crackdown on dissent
13/07/2016, Ravichandren, CWI Malaysia:
Opposition weak and divided

Spain: Disappointment for Left in re-run elections
12/07/2016, Viki Lara, Socialismo Revolucionario (CWI in Spain):
Mass mobilisation and struggle necessary for real change

Greece: Rise in support for Grexit; fall in support for SYRIZA
11/07/2016, Kyriakos Halaris (translated from the Xekinima website of the Greek section of the CWI):
Highest levels recorded against Eurozone and EU membership following Brexit

China’s economy: ‘Dead panda bounce’
10/07/2016, Analysis by chinaworker.info:
Has China’s economy turned a corner?

Egypt: Third anniversary of coming to power of military regime
09/07/2016, David Johnson, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Rebuilding Workers’ and youth struggles

Britain: Chilcot's damning findings on Iraq war
08/07/2016, Judy Beishon, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) :
More piles of evidence against the blood-soaked war for oil

Austria: Presidential elections re-run
08/07/2016, By Sebastian Kugler, SLP (CWI in Austria):
Court order to re-run elections sends shockwaves through establishment

Netherlands: After Brexit, are we heading towards ‘Nexit’?
07/07/2016, Pieter Brans, Socialist Alternative (CWI in Netherlands), Amsterdam:
Right populist Geert Wilders promises: “Our turn is next”

Britain: Stand firm and organise against the Blairite coup
06/07/2016, Editorial from The Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
No compromise possible in Labour’s civil war

Video: #KeepCorbyn solidarity from Irish parliament
06/07/2016, socialistworld.net:
Socialist MPs - Ruth Coppinger and Paul Murphy - speak in support of Jeremy Corbyn against Blairite coup in Irish parliament

Nigeria:  Oyo State workers' indefinite strike
04/07/2016, CWI Reporters, Nigeria:
"No Pay, No Work!"

Turkey: Terrorist attack at İstanbul Atatürk Airport kills dozens
01/07/2016, Ahmet Küçük, Sosyalist Alternatif (CWI Turkey):
No to war and terror! Yes to workers’ unity and solidarity!

Iran:Gold Miners Lashed, jailed workers on hunger strike
01/07/2016, Report from Campaign in Support of Iranian Workers :
Iranian workers need solidarity

Video: Defend Jeremy Corbyn
30/06/2016, Video with Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Fight the Blairite coup

Britain: Blairite coup against Jeremy Corbyn
29/06/2016, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) general secretary:
Defend anti-austerity struggle

Mexico: Teachers continue strike despite extreme repression
28/06/2016, Adam Ziemkowski, Socialist Alternative, USA:
Working people in Mexico need fighting unions, an independent left party, and socialism

Scotland: After Brexit, SNP government threaten second Indy referendum
27/06/2016, Philip Stott, Socialist Party Scotland (CWI) :
Leave vote higher than average in many working class areas

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

US: A call to action
27/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the US):
Walk out from the Democratic National Convention!

CWI Summer School: Europe in the aftermath of the Brexit shock
26/07/2016, Kevin Parslow, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Continent enters new phase of political and economic crises

US: Bernie Abandons 'the Revolution’
14/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist councillor Seattle City :
Time to back Green candidate Jill Stein

Australia: Close election result - A crisis for the establishment
08/07/2016, Socialist Party (CWI Australia) statement :
To fight anti-working class measures, we must build a socialist alternative

History: 1936 - Spain’s revolutionary promise
06/07/2016, Tony Saunois, from Socialism Today (July/August 2016):
Working class and peasants rose up against capitalist exploitation, poverty and fascism

US: Beyond Bernie
01/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the USA):
Still not with her

Britain: Referendum revolt
27/06/2016, Peter Taaffe, from Socialism Today (issue No.200, July-August 2016):
Capitalist establishment shattered

Asia: Conflict in the South China Sea
16/06/2016, This is an abridged version of an article by Vincent Kolo, originally published on chinaworker.info.:
Territorial disputes resemble pieces on a ‘geopolitical chessboard’ as the US and China struggle for hegemony in Asia

Middle East: ISIS under pressure on several fronts
15/06/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
Working classes, through bitterest of experiences, will take to road of mass struggle again

EU: Left parties turning against bosses’ Europe
10/06/2016, Danny Byrne, CWI:
Progress in Portugal and Spain, confusion in Britain

Muhammad Ali: A fighter who inspired millions
09/06/2016, Hugo Pierre, Socialism Today (originally published in 2003):
Establishment forced to incorporate his legend into re-writing of history

Review: The working-class case against the EU
08/06/2016, Hannah Sell, article from Socialism Today, magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Review of ‘And The Weak Must Suffer What They Must?’ by Yanis Varoufakis

France: Fight against Valls/Hollande government intensifies
31/05/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI:
Gauche Revolutionnaire statement underlines vital need for political alternative

Austria: Only 31,026 votes prevent far right’s Hofer becoming president
24/05/2016, Sonja Grusch, SLP (the Austrian section of the CWI):
‘Breathing space’ offers chance to build a fighting, democratic left alternative

Britain: EU referendum exposes gaping political fault-lines
24/05/2016, Peter Taaffe, from Socialism Today (monthly magazine of the Socialist Party England & Wales):
New road can open up for labour movement if working class relies on its own forces

Brazil: Fall of President Dilma Rousseff unleashes offensive against working class
19/05/2016, André Ferrari, LSR (‘Freedom, Socialism and Revolution’ - CWI Brazil):
The impeachment process and historic crisis of the PT (Workers’ Party)

Ireland: ‘Jobstown trials’ to go ahead
18/05/2016, Kieran Mahon, Anti-Austerity Alliance / Socialist Party Councillor, Dublin:
Government loses battle on water charges but wages war on Left

Saudi Arabia: Gathering storms over the House of Saud
13/05/2016, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Collapse of oil prices expose fragile foundations of oil Gulf monarchies

France: New stage in battle over labour law
12/05/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI:
Hollande’s decision to over-rule parliament provokes another round of struggle

Ireland: 100th anniversary of the execution of James Connolly
12/05/2016, Three articles on Connolly’s life and ideas :
Revolutionary socialist, militant workers' leader and internationalist

Belgium: Trade unions announce new plan of action
11/05/2016, LSP/PSL (CWI in Belgium) Reporters:
Call for two national demonstrations, building towards general strikes

Britain: 90th anniversary of epochal general strike
05/05/2016, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) general secretary:
When workers tasted power

Israel/Palestine: The Marxist left, the national conflict and the
Palestinian struggle

29/04/2016, Socialist Struggle Movement (CWI Israel-Palestine):
The necessity of a class approach and a socialist alternative

France: One-day strike set for 28 April
26/04/2016, Alex Rouillard, Gauche Revolutionnaire (CWI in France):
A final stage before indefinite action against Hollande’s government?

US: The un-Democratic Primary
22/04/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative Seattle, originally published on counterpunch.org:
Why we need new party of the 99%