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latest news

WW1
The Bolsheviks and the war

21/07/2014: The horrors of the first world war, and the economic and social turmoil it created, led to mass upheaval. In Russia alone did this lead to a successful revolution…

  World War 1

1914
The capitulation of the Second International

19/07/2014: Before 1914, the Second International resolved to act to prevent war…

  World War 1

South Africa
Metal workers’ strike

19/07/2014: Industrial action must take forward call for a new workers’ party

  Africa, South Africa

Britain
Abuse scandals reveal abusive system

18/07/2014: An Establishment cover-up?

  Britain

Sri Lanka
Vicious communalist attacks on Muslims

17/07/2014: USP mounts motor cycle ‘march’ to fight for united struggle against chauvinists

  Sri Lanka

World War One
100 years since the great slaughter

16/07/2014: Ten million killed and more than ten million seriously injured

  History, World War 1

Israel-Palestine
World outraged by Israeli State’s ferocious bombing of Gaza

15/07/2014: Mass action needed to end the slaughter and blockade!

  Israel / Palestine

History
Revolutionary US Teamsters

14/07/2014: Celebrating the 80th Anniversary of the 1934 Minneapolis Strikes

  History, US

Stop the bombing of Gaza – End Israeli state terror!

12/07/2014: Over 100 Gazans have been killed in one week, including 20 children

  Israel / Palestine

Europe
Junk Juncker, Cameron and the anti-worker EU

11/07/2014: "Cameron’s defeat was dire."

  Europe

Israel-Palestine
Netanyahu government fuels wave of protest

08/07/2014: Extracts and updates from a series of articles on the website of Socialist Struggle Movement, the Israel-Palestine section of the CWI.

  Israel / Palestine

Hong Kong
What next after massive July 1 demo?

07/07/2014: Battle-lines hardening as masses push for democracy while government steps up repression

  Hong Kong

Can capitalism put all of us first?

05/07/2014: A response to the “practical idealism” of the Common Weal

  Scotland

France
Hollande’s austerity plans must be blocked

04/07/2014: United private-public sector strike vital

  France

 Brazil
Solidarity with sacked Metro workers

04/07/2014: 42 workers sacked for going on strike

  Brazil, Solidarity

South Africa
220,000 metalworkers’ on strike

03/07/2014: Forward to a living wage – end labour broking

  South Africa

Australia
Thousands rally in Melbourne against East-West toll road

03/07/2014: Labour claim opposition to project but refuse to rip up contracts

  Australia

 Sri Lanka
Solidarity needed against nationalist attacks

02/07/2014: At least four people were killed and 100 injured in anti-Muslim attacks

  Solidarity, Sri Lanka

Video
Free Vadim Kuramshin

02/07/2014: Joe HIggins, Socialist Party (CWI) TD raises Vadim’s case in Irish parliament

  Kazakhstan

Argentina
Return to turmoil

01/07/2014: Debt crisis is back – the class struggle and tasks for the Left

  Argentina

Review
’Capital in the Twenty-First Century’

28/06/2014: Thomas Piketty: The new Marx?

  Review

South Africa
Victory in platinum miners’ strike!

27/06/2014: Significant step forward in the struggle for a living wage for all

  South Africa

Pakistan
Military launch offensive in North Waziristan

26/06/2014: Half a million people flee the area

  Pakistan

Britain
Coulson conviction - Cameron must resign!

26/06/2014: Call a general election now

  Britain

Iraq
Isis jihadists capture more territory

24/06/2014: Only organised, united working class can end war and social misery

  Iraq

Israel/Palestine
Protest in Tel Aviv against military raids

24/06/2014: Israeli nationalist thugs cowardly attacked Socialist Struggle Movement activists after the protest

  Israel / Palestine

Waging war on climate change

23/06/2014: The quickening pace of global warming poses a threat to US national security, says a leading, federally-funded military research organisation

  Environment

Pakistan
Scores killed in Taliban attacks on Karachi airport

19/06/2014: Workers need political movement to counter extremist ideology and capitalism

  Pakistan

Nigeria
200 school girls abducted

18/06/2014: Why has Boko Haram insurgency grown?

  Nigeria

Iraq
Oil war’s bloody legacy

17/06/2014: Escalating sectarian conflict threatens to draw in surrounding countries

  Iraq

 Hong Kong
Pro-Beijing newspaper launches attack on CWI

16/06/2014: 1989 massacre apologists accuse Socialist Action (CWI) and radical legislator ‘Long Hair’ of ‘violence’

  China, CWI, Hong Kong

Brazil
Solidarity protests internationally

16/06/2014: More pictures from solidarity protests around the world

  Germany

Ukraine
Hundreds killed in military clashes

13/06/2014: Working people fearing all-out war

  Ukraine

Middle East

Obituary - Yasser Arafat (1929-2004)

www.socialistworld.net, 11/11/2004
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

Palestinians mourn Arafat but struggle for liberation will continue

Rotem and Gal, Maavak Sotzialisti, Israel

Obituary

Yasser Arafat (1929-2004)

Many Palestinians will view the death of Yasser Arafat with a mixture of sadness and a wish that the Palestinian Authority he led, had done much more to end the poverty and oppression that blights their lives.

Whatever doubts some Palestinians may have had about his leadership they will see in his death, a snapshot of the brutal oppression and tenuous existence they face on a daily basis. Arafat remained a virtual prisoner in his compound for three years, a situation which undoubtedly contributed to the illnesses from which he died.

Yasser Arafat is seen by most Palestinians as a symbol of the longstanding Palestinian struggle against Israeli occupation. His past as a guerilla leader since the 1960s as one of the founders of the Fatah organization and the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organisation) gave him a special status among the Palestinian masses. It is hard for many Palestinians to think who could play the same role or have the same authority as Yasser Arafat.

But while respect will be shown for the role he played amongst many Palestinians, there will be others who rightly question Arafat’s (and the other PLO leaders’) tactics and strategy in attempting to win Palestinian national liberation. In the earlier years of Fatah and the PLO this was armed attacks by secretive guerilla groups as opposed to mass action by the working class and peasantry armed for self-defence. Later on Arafat and other leaders attempted to form diplomatic alliances with corrupt Arab regimes and negotiate with imperialist powers.

Black September

When Arafat was faced with a revolutionary situation, he unfortunately betrayed such movements. September 1970 in Jordan was one such example where large sections of Palestinians and Jordanians rose up against the corrupt regime of King Hussein. Arafat and the PLO leaders could have led a revolutionary struggle for power which would have changed the whole face of the Middle East. Instead Arafat made concessions to King Hussein and tens of thousands of Palestinians were killed in the retribution by the Jordanian army that followed.

After the war and the Israeli occupation of Lebanon in the 1980s, Arafat and most of the PLO leadership escaped to exile in Tunis. Exile meant that they no longer had the same intimate connection with the Palestinians and also alienated them from the conditions that the majority of Palestinian faced.

The distance between the Palestinian masses and the leadership based in exile was clearly demonstrated at the beginning of the first Intifada. The PLO leadership in exile was completely taken by surprise by this event, as was the Israeli regime. The first Intifada provided the basis for the growth of a new leadership from below in the West Bank and the Gaza strip. After the signing of the Oslo agreement brought the Tunis leadership back to the Occupied Territories, tensions and disagreements developed between it and the local leadership which have remained in different forms up to the present day.

At the beginning of the 1990s the pace of the Intifada had slowed as a consequence of years of struggle without the defeat of the Israeli military occupation of the territories. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the support of the Fatah for Sadam Husain during the first Gulf War left the PLO isolated and financially bankrupt.

Under the pressure of US imperialism, which feared future upheavals in the region, the Israeli ruling class took advantage of the PLO’s weakened position to force it into negotiations and to accept the Oslo agreement. This deal was never meant to give the Palestinians national liberation. It was designed to grant a Bantustan-type prison existence to the Palestinian masses with the Palestinian Authority acting as guards and the Israeli state as prison governor.

The Israeli ruling class preferred to deal with the old weak leadership from Tunis which was not as militant as the leadership on the ground. Arafat’s regime represented the capitalist interests of the Palestinian elite and was totally dependent on the Israeli ruling class for its existence. As such it could not and never intended to solve the problems of the Palestinians.

The standard of living under the PA regime declined severely hand in hand with the continuing oppression by the Israeli Defence Forces. At the same time a small elite enriched itself on the expense of the masses. Without any solution to the problems of daily life the peace process couldn’t last for long. This was the basis for the second Intifada.

Second Intifada

The second Intifada was aimed against both the Israeli regime and in a distorted way the PA. The first reaction of the PA leadership was to condemn this outburst of the Palestinian masses. Only after they saw they could not hold back the movement, they tried to take the lead of the intifada.

Over the last few years the Israeli blockade on Arafat in Ramallah, gave him back the status of a symbol of the Palestinian resistance.

However, despite the fact that for many years Ariel Sharon, the Israeli prime minister, yearned for Arafat’s death, the news about Arafat’s life-threatening illness came at a very inconvenient time for him. In addition to the fear of being blamed for his death, and the affect it might have on the Palestinian street, the death of Arafat actually poses serious questions concerning the strategy of the Israeli ruling class.

For the last few years the main claim of the Israeli regime was that Arafat is an obstacle to any negotiation between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. This was one of the main arguments Sharon used to justify the disengagement plan.

The death of Arafat could lead to events which dramatically change the situation in Israel and he PA. Many names have been mentioned as candidates to replace Arafat as the PA president and the leader of the PLO and Fatah: Abu Alla, Abu Mazen, Muhamad Dahlan, even Faruq Kadumi (who opposed the Oslo agreement at first) and Marwan Baraguti who has sat in an Israeli jail for more than 2 years and holds credit for that in the Palestinian street. But none of them have the credit Arafat had as a symbol and a guerilla fighter.

Even during Arafat’s life we saw early struggles over the future control of the Gaza strip, when last summer Dahlan’s faction in Fatah challenged the control of Arafat’s armed forces.

More complicated

Now the situation has became more complicated, since Hamas have also laid a claim for a share in governing the PA. Hamas enjoy mass support in Gaza, but if it became part of the PA this might change over the long run and could cause enormous pressure to be exerted on the PA by the imperialist powers who could oppose its inclusion.

Other issues might bring clashes quite quickly - even before his death there was a demand by the PA for him to be buried at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem which was ruled out by the Israeli authorities. Whatever the eventual decision on this issue, the main question will be that the funeral will be accompanied by a mass presence of Palestinians on the streets in a situation which will not be fully under the control of the PA.

At the end of October Sharon won the vote on the disengagement plan in the Knesset (Israeli parliament). The Israeli ruling class wants to withdraw from the Gaza strip, but many of the Likud MPs from Sharon’s party are opposed which has exerted huge pressure on the Prime Minister. Four of Likud’s ministers tried to ambush Sharon during the voting.

Sharon suffers from a lack of support inside his party, and his governmental coalition includes less than half of all MPs and therefore the government is unstable.

At the moment he claims that nothing has changed since the death of Arafat, but there is strong pressure from inside the Likud for canceling the disengagement plan and going back to negotiations with a new future partner.

The option of a government of national unity is still open but it seems like the next general elections in Israel are only a matter of a short time away.

The death of Arafat has released forces of instability that were hidden beneath the surface, building up for a long time. These pressures did not develop because of the personality of Arafat but because of the inability of capitalism and imperialism to solve the daily problems of Palestinian and Israeli workers.

The solution is way beyond the hands of capitalism and its agents. The problems of the masses can only be solved by the organisation of society under a socialist plan to reconcile national differences by establishing two socialist states as part of the struggle to build a socialist federation on the basis of equal rights in the Middle East.



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NEWS

South Africa: Metal workers’ strike
19/07/2014, By Workers and Socialist Party (WASP – South Africa) Reporters:
Industrial action must take forward call for a new workers’ party

Britain: Abuse scandals reveal abusive system
18/07/2014, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party, Deputy General Secretary:
An Establishment cover-up?

Sri Lanka: Vicious communalist attacks on Muslims
17/07/2014, Siritunga Jayasura, United Socialist Party (CWI in Sri Lanka):
USP mounts motor cycle ‘march’ to fight for united struggle against chauvinists

History: Revolutionary US Teamsters
14/07/2014, Alan Jones and Ty Moore, Socialist Alternative:
Celebrating the 80th Anniversary of the 1934 Minneapolis Strikes

Stop the bombing of Gaza – End Israeli state terror!
12/07/2014, Text of Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) leaflet:
Over 100 Gazans have been killed in one week, including 20 children

Europe: Junk Juncker, Cameron and the anti-worker EU
11/07/2014, Peter Taaffe, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) general secretary:
"Cameron’s defeat was dire."

Britain: Millions of public sector workers prepare to strike
09/07/2014, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) deputy general secretary:
Build workers’ movement

Israel-Palestine: Netanyahu government fuels wave of protest
08/07/2014, Socialistworld.net:
Extracts and updates from a series of articles on the website of Socialist Struggle Movement, the Israel-Palestine section of the CWI.

Hong Kong: What next after massive July 1 demo?
07/07/2014, Vincent Kolo, chinaworker.info:
Battle-lines hardening as masses push for democracy while government steps up repression

France: Hollande’s austerity plans must be blocked
04/07/2014, Alex Rouillard, Gauche Revolutionnaire (CWI in France):
United private-public sector strike vital

Brazil: Solidarity with sacked Metro workers
04/07/2014, socialistworld.net:
42 workers sacked for going on strike

Venezuela: Successful workers’ and popular march in Barquisimeto
04/07/2014, Socialismo Revolucionario (CWI in Venezuela) reporters:
Photo report of march

South Africa: 220,000 metalworkers’ on strike
03/07/2014, Mametlwe Sebei, Workers’ and Socialist Party (WASP) Deputy President:
Forward to a living wage – end labour broking

Australia: Thousands rally in Melbourne against East-West toll road
03/07/2014, Chris Dite, Socialist Party (CWI in Australia):
Labour claim opposition to project but refuse to rip up contracts

Sri Lanka: Solidarity needed against nationalist attacks
02/07/2014, Keerthikan Thennavan, Tamil Solidarity:
At least four people were killed and 100 injured in anti-Muslim attacks

Video: Free Vadim Kuramshin
02/07/2014, socialistworld.net:
Joe HIggins, Socialist Party (CWI) TD raises Vadim’s case in Irish parliament

South Africa: Victory in platinum miners’ strike!
27/06/2014, Workers’ and Socialist Party (WASP) statement:
Significant step forward in the struggle for a living wage for all

Pakistan: Military launch offensive in North Waziristan
26/06/2014, Khalid Bhatti , SMP (CWI in Pakistan):
Half a million people flee the area

Britain: Coulson conviction - Cameron must resign!
26/06/2014, Judy Beishon, Socialist Party executive committee:
Call a general election now

Israel/Palestine: Protest in Tel Aviv against military raids
24/06/2014, Socialist Struggle Movement (CWI in Israel/Palestine) reporters:
Israeli nationalist thugs cowardly attacked Socialist Struggle Movement activists after the protest

Waging war on climate change
23/06/2014, Manny Thain, from Socialism Today, magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
The quickening pace of global warming poses a threat to US national security, says a leading, federally-funded military research organisation

Pakistan: Scores killed in Taliban attacks on Karachi airport
19/06/2014, Khalid Bhatti, Socialist Movement Pakistan (CWI), Lahore:
Workers need political movement to counter extremist ideology and capitalism

Hong Kong: Pro-Beijing newspaper launches attack on CWI
16/06/2014, Dikang, Socialist Action in Hong Kong:
1989 massacre apologists accuse Socialist Action (CWI) and radical legislator ‘Long Hair’ of ‘violence’

Brazil: Solidarity protests internationally
16/06/2014, Socialistworld.net:
More pictures from solidarity protests around the world

Brazil: World Cup opening coupled with continuing protests and strikes
13/06/2014, Socialistworld.net:
A few pictures and a video from the protests and CWI intervention

Brazil: Protests continue as World Cup starts
12/06/2014, Socialistworld.net:
Solidarity protests taking place on 13th June Friday

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

WW1: The Bolsheviks and the war
21/07/2014, Peter Taaffe, article originally published in special WWI edition of Socialism Today, magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
The horrors of the first world war, and the economic and social turmoil it created, led to mass upheaval. In Russia alone did this lead to a successful revolution…

1914: The capitulation of the Second International
19/07/2014, Robert Bechert (a longer version of an article published in the July/August 2014 issue of Socialism Today):
Before 1914, the Second International resolved to act to prevent war…

World War One: 100 years since the great slaughter
16/07/2014, Tony Saunois, article originally published in special WWI edition of Socialism Today, magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Ten million killed and more than ten million seriously injured

Israel-Palestine:World outraged by Israeli State’s ferocious bombing of Gaza
15/07/2014, Judy Beishon, from The Socialist (weekly newspaper of the Socialist Party – CWI England & Wales):
Mass action needed to end the slaughter and blockade!

Can capitalism put all of us first?
05/07/2014, By Philip Stott:
A response to the “practical idealism” of the Common Weal

Argentina: Return to turmoil
01/07/2014, Danny Byrne, CWI:
Debt crisis is back – the class struggle and tasks for the Left

Review: ’Capital in the Twenty-First Century’
28/06/2014, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI England and Wales):
Thomas Piketty: The new Marx?

Iraq: Isis jihadists capture more territory
24/06/2014, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
Only organised, united working class can end war and social misery

Nigeria: 200 school girls abducted
18/06/2014, By Segun Sango, National Chairperson, Socialist Party of Nigeria (SPN), a party initiated by the DSM (CWI in Nigeria):
Why has Boko Haram insurgency grown?

Iraq: Oil war’s bloody legacy
17/06/2014, Judy Beishon, from The Socialist, weekly paper of the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Escalating sectarian conflict threatens to draw in surrounding countries

Ukraine: Hundreds killed in military clashes
13/06/2014, Rob Jones, CWI, Moscow:
Working people fearing all-out war

Review: ’The Snowden Files’
12/06/2014, Clare Doyle, from Socialism Today (June 2014 issue), monthly magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England and Wales):
Exposing the ‘architecture of oppression’

Britain: The Battle of Orgreave
11/06/2014, Ken Smith, from Socialism Today (June 2014 issue), monthly magazine of the Socialist Party (CWI in England and Wales):
1984 state-organised riot against striking miners

Brazil: Homeless struggle and Metro strike as World Cup approaches
09/06/2014, André Ferrari, LSR (CWI in Brazil):
New stage of the class struggle

Euro polls warning
05/06/2014, Robert Bechert, CWI:
In country after country, May’s elections to the European parliament saw governments and traditional parties defeated

2014: The ’rejection election’
30/05/2014, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England and Wales):
Now Trade Unions must lead our fightback

Ireland: Electoral surge against austerity
28/05/2014, Danny Byrne, CWI:
Socialist Party wins a second TD and Anti Austerity Alliance 14 councillors

Euro elections: A revolt against the capitalist establishment
27/05/2014, Peter Taaffe, general secretary of the Socialist Party (CWI in England and Wales):
Gains for the far right but some successes for genuine Left

Turkey: Mass protest and strikes erupt against AKP government and mine-owning cronies
15/05/2014, Socialistworld.net:
Soma mine disaster deadliest in the country’s history

China: What lies behind anti-corruption drive?
13/05/2014, Editorial from Socialist 《社会主义者》magazine (issue 26) (CWI):
Case against former security czar risks dangerous splits in ruling party

Nigeria: Boko Haram’s abduction of school girls horrifies the world
12/05/2014, Hassan Taiwo Soweto, Democratic Socialist Movement (CWI Nigeria), Lagos:
Can a solution to the insurgency be found under capitalism?

Ukraine: Descending into bloody conflict
09/05/2014, Rob Jones, Moscow:
Only united working class action can stop the catastrophe

South Africa: Elections 2014
09/05/2014, By Weizman Hamilton, General Secretary of WASP:
The ANC victory, WASP and the EFF.

Algeria: Abdelaziz Bouteflika sworn in for a fourth presidential term
07/05/2014, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Instability sets to grow

May Day 2014: Fighting cuts, poverty and exploitation
30/04/2014, Clare Doyle, CWI:
For a socialist world!