However, in order to wage their vicious war, the U.S. ruling class is taking more from workers than just the money which should be spent on healthcare, housing, and education. They are also taking working-class youth and sending them to risk their lives in Iraq and Afghanistan. This is why the government spent $2.7 billion last year to recruit young people into the military.
The government fills the ranks of its military by promising stable employment, housing, health benefits, and money for college. Since the end of the draft in 1973, the U.S. has officially had an all-volunteer military. However, the rich usually don’t "volunteer" to send their children to get killed in Iraq.
For working-class youth faced with a choice between unemployment, dead-end jobs, and enlistment, targeted recruitment amounts to nothing less than a poverty draft. After all, the billions spent on arms and recruitment could instead fund a huge jobs program at living wages for working-class youth, and revitalize our crumbling schools.
Military recruiters would have a hard time signing kids up if they talked about the ruling class’s real aims or described the hazards of roadside bombs and depleted uranium in Iraq. Instead, recruiters push military service as if it were a jobs program. But the promises of military recruiters frequently turn out to be cruel swindles.
Recruiters advertise that the military can provide over $35,000 for college, which is only a fraction of what it now costs to get a degree. However, two thirds of recruits receive no college funding and only around 15% graduate with a four-year degree.
Furthermore, many troops who survive the armed forces face unemployment and uncertainty. On average, veterans earn $1,700 less per year than their non-veteran peers, and the Veterans Association reports that 250,000 U.S. veterans are homeless.
As people in the U.S. learn more about the daily carnage in Iraq, the involuntary extension of soldiers’ tours of duty, and the mobilization of reservists and national guard troops for duty overseas, more young people are thinking twice about signing up and shipping out to Iraq.
In July, the Army Chief of Staff reported that the Army National Guard is running roughly 12% short of its annual recruitment goal. Since the ruling class will not willingly give up control over Iraq and its oil resources, they are responding to shrinking reserves of troops by redoubling their recruitment efforts.
This, however, will take some doing. The massive military recruitment apparatus already reaches into most high schools, colleges, and working-class communities. Section 9528 of Bush’s "No Child Left Behind" law requires all school districts in the country to allow military recruiters full access to students. This means that kids as young as 14 receive mailings, phone calls, and in-school recruitment pitches.
Army recruiters run flashy commercials during popular television shows like "The Simpsons," and they have created a fleet of recruitment vans which visit 2000 high schools per year, attracting kids with recruitment videos, climbing walls, and an electronic M-16 simulator called the "Weaponeer." Since military recruiters have quotas to fill and get bonuses and promotions for high recruitment numbers, they are motivated to say whatever will get more young people to enlist.
And although recruiters recognize high school students as an impressionable audience, they do not stop there. Twenty of Chicago’s middle schools have Cadet Corps - a program which gives 11 to 14 year old students drill practice, takes them on field trips to naval stations, and prepares them for high school JROTC programs.
From grade school through college, military recruitment programs are designed to make young people believe that enlistment will amount to heroism, a good career move, or a Nintendo game, rather than a deadly, psychologically damaging, and low-paid stint as a hated invader in Iraq.
Time to Fight Back!
In the late 1960s, during a period of growing student, black, and working-class militancy which eventually played a central role in defeating U.S. imperialism in Vietnam, protesters were able to shut down ROTC departments and make many campuses off-limits to recruiters. Today, we can draw from the lessons and experience of the Vietnam anti-war movement, and successfully kick military recruiters out of our schools.
Anti-recruitment committees need to be organized at every high school and college. Already this fall, campaigns are emerging to kick military recruiters out of high schools and college campuses. Socialist Alternative is working to launch and build these campaigns in a number of schools. These structures can mobilize students to participate in informational pickets, educational forums, counter-recruitment protests, office occupations, and other events.
Through these actions, we can send military recruiters packing with the message that working-class youth and youth of color will not fight and die for corporate profits and the U.S. empire.
Racist recruiting tactics
"On Thursdays, my classroom looks like a training ground for war," says Ben, a high school Spanish teacher.
Erika Arenger, Socialist Alternative, US
Thursdays are the day students of this predominantly black and Latino Boston high school come dressed in their ROTC uniforms for weekly trainings, a program designed to funnel young people into the military.
While people of color make up just a quarter of the U.S. population, they are nearly 40% of the military ranks. As depicted in a gripping scene of Michael Moore’s Fahrenheit 911, the military consciously preys upon neighborhoods mired in poverty and unemployment.
A staggering 44% of black men between the ages of 20-24 were unemployed in 2003. The poverty and lack of prospects for black youth explains why they constitute 22% of the armed forces and only 12% of the population.
The situation in Puerto Rico further demonstrates the nature of the "poverty draft." The island’s unemployment rate, including "discouraged workers," is well over 50% (Puerto Rico Herald, 2/24/00), and despite its small population, it gives more people per capita to the U.S. military than any of the 50 states.
Not only does the military target people of color in a racist manner, but the very way in which the military functions is racist to the core. Young people of color are expected to do the military’s dirty work, as they are relegated to the lower-skill and higher-risk jobs. They face increased risk of death and injury as compared to their white counterparts. Latinos make up 10% of active military personnel, yet account for over 20% of U.S. casualties in Iraq - close to 200 deaths! (IMDiversity.com)
Many female soldiers are raped by their fellow soldiers and then silenced by violent threats that often take a racial tone. African American lieutenant Renee Stone reported that her major raped her and threatened that he would call his "Klan buddies" if she came forward. Despite his warnings, she came forward to tell of the abuse. She was then subjected to a mental evaluation and transferred to another base despite the major failing a lie detector test (www.objector.org/articles/racism.html).
Soldiers of color also face unequal punishment, offensive and inflammatory language, and undesirable job assignments. For many, they are the last to be accepted into the military academies and the first to be discharged. There are regulations against foreign accents and "inappropriate hairstyles" such as Afros and cornrows.
It’s time we say enough is enough! Why should people of color be targeted to fight a racist war for the racist U.S. government? Rather than fighting to oppress poor people of color in Iraq and around the world, we must get organized to resist the racist war machine and fight for justice here at home!
From Justice, journal of Socialist Alternative, cwi in the US