Poland: After ‘justice reform’ protests, which way forward for the left?

The policies of Poland’s ruling ‘Law and Justice’ party, over the last two years, have thrown up one protest movement after another across the country. While largely maintaining its base of support among section of the working class due to a number of popular social reforms, the government’s reactionary and Bonapartist measures keep antagonizing layers of the urban middle class and increasingly the youth. In July, the parliament passed a new justice system bill, which intended to bend the Justice Minister’s will to the courts of justice, as well as the High Tribunal. This sparked a protest movement that resulted in Poland’s President vetoing parts of the bill, even though he was elected on Law and Justice ticket.