Venezuela was never as important for the Spanish empire as its other colonies. Colombia was vital for its coffee, Peru for its gold and Bolivia for its silver; they all assumed a greater importance than Venezuela. Cocoa became Venezuela’s only important commercial product during the 17th Century. Cocoa was...

June 13 saw many elections in Germany: European elections (which are the only nationwide elections between two Federal general elections); state parliament elections in Thuringia and local elections in 6 of the 16 German federal states.

Committee for a workers' International publications

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