deutsch |  english |  español  |  français  |  italiano  |  nederlands  |  polski  |  português  |  svenska  |  türkçe  |  中文  |  عربي  |  русский

latest news

Spain
Militant struggle by Students Union succeeds

02/12/2016: Mass student strikes force PP government to retreat

  Spain

Sudan
Three day nationwide strike shuts down the country, in unique defiance of Al-Bashir’s rule

30/11/2016: Escalation of the struggle needed to overthrow repressive regime

  Sudan

Turkey
AKP regime sliding towards personal dictatorship

28/11/2016: United workers’ struggle only antidote against Erdoğan’s rule

  Turkey

US
Trump prepares attacks on working people,immigrants and women

27/11/2016: We must prepare massive resistance!

  US

Kashmir
Brutal suppression of uprising

26/11/2016: Battle zone of proxy conflicts. United working class opposition needed

  Kashmir

Cuba
Fidel Castro, leader of 1959 revolution, dies at 90

26/11/2016: Castro's life and the Cuban Revolution

  Cuba

China
New stage in power struggle

24/11/2016: Xi Jinping becomes “core leader”

  China

Spain
Students' Union surges forward in historic congress

22/11/2016: Hundreds rally to celebrate 30th anniversary of SE and 40th anniversary of Izquierda Revolucionaria / El Militante

  Spain

Pakistan
ISIS terrorists attack Sufi shrine

21/11/2016: The struggle of Baluchi people

  Pakistan

India
‘Demonetisation’ shock

19/11/2016: Modi unleashes war on poor

  India

Sri Lanka
Fair is foul - IMF Budget unleashed

18/11/2016: IMF led austerity budget has unveiled in Sri Lanka

  Sri Lanka

Hong Kong
Government purges Legislative Council

17/11/2016: “Nothing short of a coup”

  Hong Kong

Socialism 2016
Electrifying and powerful weekend puts socialism on the agenda

16/11/2016: Struggle, internationalism and socialism, these ideas - and how powerful they can be in action, electrified the magnificent rallies and workshops of the Socialism 2016 weekend.

  Britain

 Video
Socialism 2016, London

16/11/2016: An electrifying and powerful weekend which put socialism back on the agenda

  Britain, Video

US
Anti-Trump protests

12/11/2016: In less than 24 hours, 40,000 people answered our call

  US

Ireland
The Jobstown trial and the threat to democratic rights<br />

12/11/2016: Biggest political trial in decades, as Socialist Party & Anti Austerity Alliance MP and councillors face threat of lengthy prison sentences

  Ireland Republic

Spain
Student strike gives first mass response on the streets to new PP government

11/11/2016: Interview with Ana Garcia, General Secretary of the Sindicato de Estudiantes (Spanish Students’ Union)

  Spain

Kazakhstan

10/11/2016: No to land privatisation - Release Max Bokayev and Talgat Ayanov!

  Kazakhstan

 Video
Irish Socialist MPs react to Trump election

10/11/2016: Ruth Coppinger and Mick Barry speak in Irish parliament

  Ireland Republic, US, Video

US
We need mass resistance to Trump and a new party of the 99%

10/11/2016: A Presidency of chaos and struggle

  US

US
Build a grassroots movement to stop Trump's agenda

09/11/2016: Polls showed that Donald Trump was the most hated Presidential candidate in the history of this country. Yet the Wall Street, Wal-Mart, warmonger Clinton couldn't defeat him…

  US

US
Deeply damaged, the two parties limp towards the finish line

08/11/2016: Whoever wins tomorrow will enter office facing unprecedented levels of popular hostility

  US

History
Russia’s 1917 socialist revolution

07/11/2016: November 7th anniversary of workers’ taking power

  Russian Revolution

Philippines
‘China pivot’ from Duterte

07/11/2016: Philippines leader seeks to play off superpowers to win economic concessions

  Philippines

Turkey
People's Democratic Party leaders arrested

04/11/2016: Urgent appeal to demand their immediate release

  Turkey

 Capitalist system “on the edge of the volcano”

03/11/2016: Draft documents for November CWI international meeting

  CWI

Spain
PSOE leadership hands power to the PP

03/11/2016: A new phase in the class struggle

  Spain

Ireland
Police vote to take strike action

02/11/2016: Unprecedented industrial action poses crisis for Irish government

  Ireland Republic

South Africa
Victimisation of #OutsourcingMustFall activists

02/11/2016: State tries to crush worker-student unity in struggle for free education

  South Africa

History
Suez 1956

01/11/2016: The decline of British imperialism and rise of the colonial revolution

  History

 Solidarity
International campaign backing Spanish student strike a great success

27/10/2016: CWI sections in 25 countries organise active solidarity and support

  Solidarity

Spain
Historic student general strike

26/10/2016: More than 200,000 students fill the streets against Francoist "revalidations"

  Spain

Egypt

Two years on from the revolution

www.socialistworld.net, 08/03/2013
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

What is the way forward for women’s struggle for liberation?

Aysha Zaki, CWI

Women in Egypt came out into struggle even before the revolution broke out and were present and active in it at every stage, fighting like men, for a change in their social and economic conditions. Among the Mahalla Textile workers who led the way in the struggle for better pay, and among the more advanced struggles of workers demanding workers’ management of production, women were in the leadership.

Masses of women came out in the revolution and showed heroic courage in the face of militias, thugs, repressive security and other reactionary forces. Revolutionary women in Egypt have been tortured and killed in the fight against repression and for emancipation. Egyptian women have been among the hundreds of martyrs of the revolution with their pictures being proudly put up by activists all over the internet and the press.

But today, Tahrir Square the focal point of the revolution, is no longer the safe and collectively owned and space for organizing the revolution or for discussing issues related to liberation of the masses, not least for women. Sexual violence and sex attacks on women demonstrators in Egypt have been increasingly reported in the last few weeks and months. During the week of the second anniversary of 25th January, over 20 reports were made about women being sexually harassed and raped in Tahrir Square in the middle of mass protests.

Two years on from the revolution women in Egypt are four times more likely to be unemployed than men. While girls in Egypt are only slightly less likely to go to primary school than boys, literacy levels are at 77% and much lower among women than men. This is an illustration of the reality facing women in society as a whole and not just in one sector, with most women working in the home, taking care of children and elderly family members, and increasingly doing this alongside informal low-paid work.

Sexual attacks

Many sex attacks on women protestors have had common features such as groups of dozens of men, and up to 100 in some cases, systematically targeting and attacking female protestors sometimes so brutally that women have been hospitalized. Horrific pictures and films on Youtube and Facebook have triggered huge anger and mass condemnations by activists around the world, not the least in Arab countries.

Sex attacks on protestors in Egypt are not new methods but have been previously used by the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) which ordered soldiers to conduct virginity tests and attack women at the protests. Male protestors were then assaulted too, with incidents during riots in which men were physically and sexually assaulted in public by riot police, the military or civilian men infiltrating the protests

Today, under the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and increased tensions between right-wing Islamists and the opposition, women are coming increasingly under attack and this is being used to derail the revolution and allow its take-over by the reactionary forces and far-right Islamists

Journalists and reporters who went out to speak to protestors about the recent attacks have reported that a high number of young men, hanging around on the squares, were making sexist comments such as “what do you expect?” and “if a woman dresses in tight clothes she can only blame herself”. But these are not ideas dropping from the sky. Sexism has been reinforced and enhanced by continuous speeches made by Islamist clerics and leaders who are on the one hand diverting attention from the real bread and butter issues facing the masses of workers in Egypt, and on the other hand trying to persecute female and male opponents of their rule.

The fear of rapes and sexual attacks on demonstrators has not only spread among women but even men who have been helpless in the face of these attacks taking place even in the presence of male co-protestors. There have been reports of men and women forming a line around their protests in order to ensure that no attacks can succeed in singling out women from the crowd. But there have also been reports of both men and women choosing not to go on protests anymore as a result of the general chaos in the movement, not the least the attacks on women which created a tipping point for a layer of activists already turned off by the chaotic developments and increased violence on protests.

Fighting back

But a number of women from across the Arab world, many of whom have been inspired by and played leading roles in the uprisings and protests of the “Arab Spring”, have expressed a willingness to build a movement for women’s liberation. One of those groups called “Uprising of Women in the Arab World”, although established on Facebook long before these reports, has grown enormously as a result of the latest attacks as it has become a platform for women speaking out against sexism, gender-based violence, sexual harassment, rape and forced marriage and the general oppression of women.

As many women activists and socialists have pointed out, and need to keep explaining, sexism, although on the rise, has always been one of the features of class society. The increase in reports today, as well as the brutality of such attacks in public, is a result of many factors coming together, including right-wing political Islam coming to power and giving a green light to reactionary and sexist ideas to be expressed openly, and the use of sexism to split the movement along gender lines to intimidate protestors.

Another important factor behind these attacks is the lack of security in the strong-holds of the revolution and in the areas where security forces have been out of sight, in the midst of chaos created by MB members to try to disperse opposition gatherings. These areas and this conscious measure have created a breeding ground for sexist comments and attacks, with women becoming more exposed to such intimidation.

In some cases they have turned to individual anarchistic methods for protection and revenge. But this is a limited way of fighting back. Today, sexism is allowed to grow among a layer of workers and youth turning to reactionary ideas as a result of unemployment and/or being reliant on reactionary leaders and forces to make a living. The militias, often a breeding ground for sexist ideas, need to be fought with a class programme where women can show by example that their struggle for liberation is a struggle against unemployment and exploitation too.

A collective fight against sexism in society is needed. There is an urgent need for an organized mass workers’ alternative where women workers and female activists can collectively, alongside male workers and activists, organize defense committees, and fight on a programme to end sexism and all types of oppression and exploitation. This should include a fight for decent education, health care, housing, well paid jobs, safe public transport and services - well-lit streets and public places, accountable security forces and trained staff to deal with victims of rape and discrimination, family planning and protection from forced marriages, laws against rape and sexism, shelter and alternative jobs for women forced into prostitution, the right to custody, etc. Such a programme would attract and appeal to the poor and unemployed and act as a pole of attraction away from the reactionary leaders who use sexism as another tool of class oppression.

A mass workers’ movement and a mass workers’ party needs to be built from below, in the workplaces as well as in the communities, where independent unions, workers’ committees and popular committees are built, with women workers and revolutionary women at the forefront putting forward a strategy capable of winning over the masses of workers, youth, the poor and all the oppressed to the fight for liberation from all types of oppression, including sexism, for social justice and for democratic socialism.



Europe

 video

Video: Socialism 2016, London, 16/11/2016

 further videos

CWI - get involved


solidarity

tamil solidarity campaign kazakhstan

featured links

Socialist Party Ireland

cwi links

Marxist.net, CWI marxist archive

cwi comment & analysis

world economic crisis

analysis and commentary


cwi publications

marxism in today's world che

Che Guevara: Símbolo de Lucha

Por Tony Saunois

A socialist world is possible, the history of the cwi with new introduction by Peter Planning green growth, a contribution to the debate on enviromental sustainability

NEWS

Spain: Militant struggle by Students Union succeeds
02/12/2016, Socialistworld.net :
Mass student strikes force PP government to retreat

Turkey: AKP regime sliding towards personal dictatorship
28/11/2016, Sosyalist Alternatif (CWI Turkey):
United workers’ struggle only antidote against Erdoğan’s rule

Kashmir: Brutal suppression of uprising
26/11/2016, TU Senan, CWI :
Battle zone of proxy conflicts. United working class opposition needed

Spain: Students' Union surges forward in historic congress
22/11/2016, Danny Byrne, CWI :
Hundreds rally to celebrate 30th anniversary of SE and 40th anniversary of Izquierda Revolucionaria / El Militante

Pakistan: ISIS terrorists attack Sufi shrine
21/11/2016, Kristofer Lundberg, Socialist Justice Party (CWI Sweden) :
The struggle of Baluchi people

India: ‘Demonetisation’ shock
19/11/2016, Isai Priya, Tamil Solidarity :
Modi unleashes war on poor

Sri Lanka: Fair is foul - IMF Budget unleashed
18/11/2016, TU Senan, CWI :
IMF led austerity budget has unveiled in Sri Lanka

Socialism 2016: Electrifying and powerful weekend puts socialism on the agenda
16/11/2016, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) reporters :
Struggle, internationalism and socialism, these ideas - and how powerful they can be in action, electrified the magnificent rallies and workshops of the Socialism 2016 weekend.

Video: Socialism 2016, London
16/11/2016, Socialistworld.net:
An electrifying and powerful weekend which put socialism back on the agenda

US: Anti-Trump protests
12/11/2016, Brian Watson, Socialist Alternative, US :
In less than 24 hours, 40,000 people answered our call

Britain: Fight for a united, working class approach to Brexit
12/11/2016, Editorial from the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) :
High Court bombshell

Morocco: Mass protests follow the assassination of a fishmonger
11/11/2016, PSL-LSP (CWI in Belgium) translation from French:
A feeling of “déjà vu”

Spain: Student strike gives first mass response on the streets to new PP government
11/11/2016, socialistworld.net :
Interview with Ana Garcia, General Secretary of the Sindicato de Estudiantes (Spanish Students’ Union)

Kazakhstan
10/11/2016, Andrei Prigor from Campaign Kazakhstan website:
No to land privatisation - Release Max Bokayev and Talgat Ayanov!

Video: Irish Socialist MPs react to Trump election
10/11/2016, socialistworld.net:
Ruth Coppinger and Mick Barry speak in Irish parliament

US: We need mass resistance to Trump and a new party of the 99%
10/11/2016, Philip Locker and Tom Crean, Socialist Alternative :
A Presidency of chaos and struggle

US: Build a grassroots movement to stop Trump's agenda
09/11/2016, Bryan Koulouris, Socialist Alternative :
Polls showed that Donald Trump was the most hated Presidential candidate in the history of this country. Yet the Wall Street, Wal-Mart, warmonger Clinton couldn't defeat him…

US: Deeply damaged, the two parties limp towards the finish line
08/11/2016, Ty Moore, Socialist Alternative, USA :
Whoever wins tomorrow will enter office facing unprecedented levels of popular hostility

Philippines: ‘China pivot’ from Duterte
07/11/2016, Vincent Kolo, chinaworker.info :
Philippines leader seeks to play off superpowers to win economic concessions

Turkey: People's Democratic Party leaders arrested
04/11/2016, Sosyalist Alternatif (CWI Turkey) :
Urgent appeal to demand their immediate release

Ireland: Police vote to take strike action
02/11/2016, Conor Payne, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland):
Unprecedented industrial action poses crisis for Irish government

South Africa: Victimisation of #OutsourcingMustFall activists
02/11/2016, Workers and Socialist Party (WASP - CWI in South Africa) :
State tries to crush worker-student unity in struggle for free education

History: Suez 1956
01/11/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI :
The decline of British imperialism and rise of the colonial revolution

Côte d’Ivoire: Construction company workers force unprecedented bosses’ concessions
28/10/2016, CWI in Côte d’Ivoire:
Letter from Côte d’Ivoire Agencement workers

Solidarity: International campaign backing Spanish student strike a great success
27/10/2016, socialistworld.net:
CWI sections in 25 countries organise active solidarity and support

Spain: Historic student general strike
26/10/2016, Sindicato de Estudiantes (Students Union) reporters :
More than 200,000 students fill the streets against Francoist "revalidations"

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

Sudan: Three day nationwide strike shuts down the country, in unique defiance of Al-Bashir’s rule
30/11/2016, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Escalation of the struggle needed to overthrow repressive regime

US: Trump prepares attacks on working people,immigrants and women
27/11/2016, Tom Crean and Philip Locker, Socialist Alternative (USA):
We must prepare massive resistance!

Cuba: Fidel Castro, leader of 1959 revolution, dies at 90
26/11/2016, Tony Saunois, CWI :
Castro's life and the Cuban Revolution

China: New stage in power struggle
24/11/2016, chinaworker.info reporters:
Xi Jinping becomes “core leader”

Hong Kong: Government purges Legislative Council
17/11/2016, Dikang, Socialist Action (CWI in Hong Kong) :
“Nothing short of a coup”

Ireland: The Jobstown trial and the threat to democratic rights<br />

12/11/2016, Eddie McCabe, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland) :
Biggest political trial in decades, as Socialist Party & Anti Austerity Alliance MP and councillors face threat of lengthy prison sentences

History: Russia’s 1917 socialist revolution
07/11/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI :
November 7th anniversary of workers’ taking power

Capitalist system “on the edge of the volcano”
03/11/2016, International Secretariat of the CWI:
Draft documents for November CWI international meeting

Spain: PSOE leadership hands power to the PP
03/11/2016, Izquierda Revolucionaria editorial :
A new phase in the class struggle

Hungary: The political revolution of sixty years ago
23/10/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI :
When workers fought arms in hand to end Stalinist dictatorship

Britain: The fight for real democracy in the Labour Party
20/10/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, weekly paper of the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Defend Corbyn and transform Labour into a party acting for working class

Crisis of social democracy in Britain
19/10/2016, Peter Taaffe, from next issue of Socialism Today (monthly magazine of the Socialist Party England and Wales) :
Which way forward for the Left?

US: The disastrous failure of ‘lesser evilism’
18/10/2016, Patrick Ayers and Ty Moore, Socialist Alternative (originally published at CounterPunch.org) :
Change through mass struggle  - a new party should act as an organizing and for solidarity

Spain: Crisis in social democracy
17/10/2016, Juan Ignacio Ramos, Izquierda Revolucionaria general secretary, from Socialism Today (monthly magazine of the Socialist Party England and Wales) :
PSOE and the class struggle

Britain: Tories whip up division over Brexit
17/10/2016, Editorial from The Socialist (weekly newspaper of the Socialist Party, England & Wales):
Fight for a socialist, internationalist exit

Art: Access, freedom and organisation in the arts
16/10/2016, Rob MacDonald, from the Bad Art magazine/website:
The artist and the workers' movement

South Africa: Local government elections leave ANC in crisis
15/10/2016, Weizmann Hamilton, from the new issue of Izwi Labasebenzi:
Socialist mass workers party needed

India: Uprisings of the oppressed
12/10/2016, New Socialist Alternative (CWI-India):
New period opens

US: Presidential debate shows need for an alternative
12/10/2016, Bryan Koulouris, Socialist Alternative:
After elections, explosive struggles will provide opportunities to win victories for working people

Brazil: Local elections see collapse of PT (Workers Party) support
11/10/2016, Andre Ferrari, LSR (CWI Brazil):
Mass disillusionment with political system but gains for PSOL left

Israel: Shimon Peres and the ‘peace dove’ myth
10/10/2016, Shahar Benhorin and Yasha Marmer, Socialist Struggle Movement (CWI Israel-Palestine) :
A life spent strengthening big capital, militarism and national oppression of Palestinians

Poland: Over 140,000 women demonstrate against total ban on abortion
05/10/2016, Paul Newberry, Alternatywa Socjalistyczna (CWI in Poland) :
Women want a real choice

Joint declaration by El Militante/Izquierda Revolucionaria and the CWI
29/09/2016, socialistworld.net :
Meeting between organisations reveals important common ground

Britain: The ‘Corbynomics’ challenge
27/09/2016, Hannah Sell, from the October issue of Socialism Today (monthly journal of the Socialist Party England & Wales):
What economic policies can end austerity and transform workers’ lives?

Leon Trotsky’s living legacy
21/09/2016, Peter Taaffe, general secretary of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) :
Review of "The Life and Death of Leon Trotsky", published in the latest issue of Socialism Today