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Left candidate Jeremy Corbyn re-wins Labour leadership with bigger majority

24/09/2016:


Landslide victory another step to transforming Labour

  Britain

Britain
Labour leadership election draws to a close

23/09/2016: Battle lines drawn: build a real mass party of the 99%

  Britain

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Solidarity with students

22/09/2016: Struggle for free education

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Leon Trotsky’s living legacy

21/09/2016: Review of "The Life and Death of Leon Trotsky", published in the latest issue of Socialism Today

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Britain
Damning parliamentary report into Cameron's role in overthrowing Gaddafi

21/09/2016: Imperialist intervention helped wreck revolutionary movement and ruin Libya

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Irish embassies face Jobstown trial protests

20/09/2016: Defend the right to protest – Drop the charges!

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United Socialist Party congress

19/09/2016: Lively meeting prepares membership for next period

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Ireland
#JobstownNotGuilty trials begin…

19/09/2016: State criminalises right to protest

  Ireland Republic

Britain
Labour Party needs democratic structures and socialist policies

16/09/2016: Tremendous opportunity to bring Labour back to power but on an entirely different, attractive basis

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China
Fierce clashes at “Democracy village”

14/09/2016: Protesters defy crackdown

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Ireland
 Dublin Bus workers move into action

13/09/2016: Strike launched after years of wage restraint

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Hong Kong
When Edward Snowden went underground with refugees

12/09/2016: Socialist Action’s Vanessa gave shelter to on-the-run Snowden

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Britain
Trade Union Congress 2016

11/09/2016: Organise mass working class resistance to austerity

  Britain

Hong Kong
Elections redraw political map

10/09/2016: Legco elections see record turnout and big swing towards ‘radical’ newcomers

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Britain
Break with Blairites essential to defeating divided Tories

09/09/2016: Huge potential for a bold, socialist Labour party

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Uzbekistan
President Karimov, the butcher of Andijan, dies

08/09/2016: West seeks “stability” under brutal dictatorship

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 Video
Irish Socialist MPs on Apple tax scandal

08/09/2016: Socialist industrial policy argued for in parilament by Paul Murphy, Ruth Coppinger and Mick Barry

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Quebec
Montreal Old Port strikers reject wage offer

07/09/2016: Solidarity needed for struggle for a $15 minimum wage

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Corbyn's Brexit opportunity

06/09/2016: Socialist, internationalist policies can rally both Leave and Remain voters

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Australia
Weak government has no mandate

05/09/2016: Time for the unions and social movements to push back

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Germany
Growing crises and the Left party

03/09/2016: War, refugees and global economic disaster knocking on Germany's door

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Brazil
Impeachment farce only serves big capital

02/09/2016: Temer out! General elections now! General strike to defend our rights!

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India
Mass general strike across the country

02/09/2016: Fight must go on for minimum wage and against labour law ‘reform’

  India

Ireland
The €13 billion question

02/09/2016: Government supports Apple’s tax dodging

  Ireland Republic

Britain
Labour right’s purges and exclusions

31/08/2016: We must fight for a party for the 99%

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France
Burkini ban fuels Islamophobia

30/08/2016: For workers’ unity and struggle against racism, division and austerity

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Congo
General strike results in "villes mortes"

30/08/2016: Boiling anger as Kabila tries to cling to power

  Congo

Environment
Green China to save the world?

29/08/2016: Article published in latest edition of Socialism Today

  China, Environment

Book review
Iraq, IS and the failing war on terror

28/08/2016: Published earlier this year before the Chilcot report was finally released, Blood Year by counter-insurgency strategist David Kilcullen is a damning indictment of the so-called war on terror unleased by US imperialism in 2001, with the full support of Tony Blair.

  Iraq, Middle East

Haiti
225th anniversary of anti-slavery, anti-colonial revolution

27/08/2016: A heroic and lasting inspiration to the oppressed everywhere

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Will the Corbyn uprising save Scottish Labour?

27/08/2016: Lessons of indyref and need for active anti-cuts policies

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Greece
Athens bus cleaners win major victory

26/08/2016: Struggle achieves public contracts for 100s cleaning workers

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Twenty five years since the coup against Gorbachev

25/08/2016: Decades of ‘shock therapy capitalism’, wars and corruption

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Turkey

Brutal reality behind the West’s much-praised AKP government model

www.socialistworld.net, 30/03/2012
website of the committee for a workers' international, CWI

Turkey’s governing ’Justice and Development Party’ (AKP) is presented as a model of “successful democracy” by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. In fact, it is a brutal model of repression against Kurdish and left activists and is presented as way of dealing with the democratic aspirations of the Arab and North African spring.

Kai Stein, CWI

On Sunday, 18 March, police brutally attacked Kurdish rallies, arrested 100 people. In Istanbul, a district official from the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP), the main Kurdish party in Turkey, was killed after he was struck on the head by a police tear gas canister.

Kurds all over Turkey were celebrating Newroz, their New Year festival. Traditionally, it is much more than a celebration: it is a mass gathering, like a demonstration, with many dancing and marching for Kurdish rights. As part of the increased repression against Kurdish people over the last year, police tried to suppress celebrations on Sunday. However, 40,000 rallied in Diyarbakir. Tens of thousands came together in different cities.

This shows that protests are continuing despite increasing state pressure. Following accusations against people of belonging or supporting the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK), an alleged political offshoot of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), the number of people arrested has risen dramatically in recent years from 16,000 in 2005 to more than 60,000 in 2010. In 2005, 17 children were jailed but 1,023 children were imprisoned in 2010, most of them accused of throwing stones against police and taking part in illegal demonstrations. In March 2012, Raci Bilici, the acting chairman of the south-eastern chapter of Turkey’s Human Rights Association reported: “The number of detentions doubled last year, and torture and sexual harassment of prisoners is on the rise.” [Economist, 24 March.]

“Turkey has the highest number of arrested journalists in the world... The Justice and Development Party (AKP) is abusing the anti-terror law,” a report of Reporters Without Borders’ (RSF) stated in January 2012. It continues: “Under the pretext of combating terrorism, dozens were jailed before being tried, above all in the investigations into the Ergenekon conspiracy and the KCK”.

The Ergenekon allegation was first used against the Kemalist forces, the traditionally secularist wing of the capitalist elite, within the state and military, who tried to defend their positions. Later on, it turned into widespread allegations of coup plots used also against left-wing journalists and many others. Those accused are held in prison without trial, in some cases for many years.

The policy of the AKP, in the direction of a slow but constant Islamisation of society, is a growing problem for women. When the AKP government was first elected in 2002, the immediate fears of attacks on women did not fully materialise. However, there is an ongoing deterioration of the situation. Domestic violence is rising and the number of ‘honour killings’ is increasing. “Though it is ranked the 16th largest economy in the world... Turkey ranks 122 out of 135 countries when it comes to male-female disparity,” the Turkish paper Hürriyet reported.

Despite all that, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton praised “Turkey’s successful democracy” as a source of “very strong support” for the countries of the region and a “real example” for them (Financial Times, 26 February 2012). On behalf of US imperialism, Clinton has no problems with thousands of BDP activists, including eight elected members of the national parliament and mayors, being imprisoned.

Change of course by Erdoğan’s AKP government

Up to the Turkish elections in June 2011, the AKP presented itself as moderate and democratic. Even Kurdish rights improved in some ways. For example, the Kurdish language was allowed to be heard on some radio programmes (although only speaking censored words).

Kurdish people hoped that Prime Minster Recep Erdoğan would announce a further ‘Kurdish Opening’. But even before the 2011 elections, the AKP government were preparing a new escalation of the war against the PKK with the creation of special forces. This escalation became much more widespread than expected by any commentator. After the elections, Erdoğan’s government escalated the war against the PKK and the repression against Kurdish people. (See article: “Turkey / Kurdistan: Erdoğan escalates attacks on PKK”)

The relative quiet of industrial disputes aided Erdoğan. The workers’ movement did not continue its significant steps forward in 2009 and 2010, when the Tekel workers fought privatisation and hundreds of thousands of workers flooded Taksim Square and many other places on 1 May, for the first time in many years. Smaller battles followed, but the relative stability of the Turkish economy helped to avoid bigger conflicts with workers.

The economy is still based on the huge influx of foreign investment linked to a deficit in the trade balance. Given the instabilities and prospects of international, especially European, economic turmoil, Turkey’s economy is highly vulnerable. A ten per cent current-account gap is a huge burden on the prospects for growth and the gap expanded faster than expected in March with rising oil prices. The backing Erdoğan received because of these economic developments does not have a solid base.

However, strengthened by the elections in June 2011 and empowered by the new role of Turkey in the region, Erdoğan felt strong enough to throw a final blow at the Kemalist elites. This went hand in hand with the use of more police state measures against Kurdish and Left activists and the escalation of the military war against the PKK.

Those forces on the Left who made big gains in and around the election times were targeted. The BDP, the main Kurdish party with big influence of the PKK, formed a ‘Work, Democracy and Freedom Bloc’ for the 2011 elections, giving three socialists the chance to enter parliament. Erdoğan hopes to counter the strengthening of the Kurdish and Left forces with police brutality.

“Zero problems” with dictators, a lot of problems with the Arab and North African Spring

The changes in the region are seen by many commentators as a political and economic chance for Turkey. However, first of all, this was a setback.

Since the AKP came to power, it has followed the objective of reducing conflicts with its neighbours, in an attempt to increase trade. This worked well with Syria, for example. It helped to position Turkey between Europe and the Middle East, including the Arab world. This increased the chances of Turkey playing more of a role as a regional power, competing with Egypt, Iran and others.

The AKP announced, once in power, its “zero problem with the neighbours” strategy. In practice, this meant there was no problem dealing with all the dictators and authoritarian regimes in the region and no problem dealing with Israel.

This strategy failed when confronted with the revolutionary movements in North Africa and the Middle East.

The Turkish regime tried to stick to its good relations with Qaddafi in Libya. It was the last NATO member to support the rebels. Turkish capitalists found themselves in an uncomfortable situation after the war.

Trying to learn some lessons from that, the Turkish regime followed the opposite route with Syria: it criticised Assad, demanding ‘democratic reforms’ and imposing sanctions. But this just openly marked the end of the “zero problems” policies, a collapse of trade with Syria and – instead of growing economic inter-relations – the destabilisation of the region flowing from the conflict within Syria.

The new regimes in Egypt and Tunisia were welcomed by Erdoğan and he visited these countries. However, the economy in Egypt is in a poor state and the aspirations of the Egyptian regime, as a regional power, are increasing. The whole regional policy of Turkey has to be re-developed.

A possible breakup of Iraq, with Kurdish people getting more autonomy or even their own ‘state’, a fragmentation of Syria and increased Kurdish resistance in Iran against the regime could all encourage the Kurdish people in Turkey to continue their fight against oppression.

Under the pressure of the Turkish people’s sympathy with the oppressed Palestinians, the Ankara regime tried to use anti-Israeli moods, while, at the same time, expanding its military co-operation and trade with Israel. These links are now stretched however and the tensions between the former allies are sharper than at any time in the last period.

Why is this regime called a ‘model’?

After decades of big conflicts between the Turkish state and the workers’ movement, with military coups at least every ten years, an ongoing war with Kurdish people, an economic meltdown in 2000-01 and the destruction of most the main Turkish political parties, Turkey arose in the last decade like a phoenix from ashes. Stable conditions for foreign investment, growth rates at the same scale as China and a low level of strikes in the first years of AKP rule meant that Turkey unexpectedly became a something of a paradise for international capitalists.

The AKP was formed from splits amongst the previously outlawed Islamist forces. Its support is rooted in religious sentiments. Its basis traditionally came from the middle classes in the more backward, rural areas of eastern Turkey. Not challenged by any serious mass party of the working class, it was able to present itself as the alternative to all the rotten, corrupt parties of the elites.

After Turkey’s devastating economic crisis in 2000-01, space opened for some recovery, given the background of the international upswing until 2007. International capital, in search of profitable investments, located the ruined Turkish markets and seized the opportunity. An unprecedented boom followed in Turkey and gave Erdoğan some credibility. As the banking sector in Turkey had already collapsed eight years earlier, the crisis of 2007-08 did not hit the country particularly hard.

International capitalist commentators concluded that a moderate Islamist party, like the AKP, might be a stable force to organise a framework for international investment. It might use religion in the region to build support for neo-liberal policies which otherwise would meet harsh resistance.

This confuses cause with effect: the relatively stable economic conditions allowed the AKP to play this role over ten years. The increasing brutality of its regime shows the sharp limitations of Erdoğan’s rule. The oppression used against Kurdish people, the Left and some parts of the former elite, only stores up future explosions. Whether this will take the form of further nationalist or religious tensions, or if the workers’ movement is able to channel mass disaffection to positively alter the course of developments, depends on whether the workers’ movement is re-built. This requires building a new mass party of working people, armed with a bold socialist programme to change society fundamentally.

In this process, a strong Marxist force is needed, bringing together activists from workplaces, trade unions and social movements, as well as Kurdish rights activists. Today, many on the left are attracted to the idea of an election block around the BDP and some smaller left forces that calls for “work, democracy and freedom”. But they will find that the leaderships of these parties will offer much less than they need. Any new umbrella party formed around this block – which is being discussed at the moment – needs a programme that calls for the reversal of the huge privatisations of the AKP government, the nationalisation the big banks and corporations, under workers’ control and management, the rebuilding and planning of the economy, to met the needs of people and not the short term interests of profit-greedy international capital. It needs to link the struggle for democratic rights – workers’ rights, an end to all forms of discrimination and the oppression of Kurdish and Armenian people and women – to the fight against capitalism and imperialism.

The Kemalist forces and their political party, the CHP, are not offering any fundamental alternative. The trap of supporting one “progressive” wing of the capitalists against other wings, dropping socialist demands in order not to ‘repel’ these forces, has wrecked the Left in Turkey all too often. A working class independent class policy is the only way to show a path out of capitalist exploitation and oppression.

Copycat effects

In Egypt’s 2011 elections, the biggest and most moderate part of the Muslim Brotherhood called itself the ‘Freedom and Justice Party’, with a nod to the AKP. In Morocco, a party, directly named after the AKP, ‘Justice and Development Party’, won elections in November 2011. In Tunisia, the now governing Ennahda party says its model is the Turkish AKP. In Libya, the newly formed National Gathering for Freedom, Justice and Development, is expected to win broader support.

All these forces are trying to exploit the support of Turkey’s AKP. They combine milder versions of Islamist beliefs, for example rejecting the implementation of Sharia law, with neo-liberal measures and economic policies.

Looking back at the model in Turkey itself, these attempts, and the advice of people like Clinton to follow the AKP example, are not only cynical and against the interests of workers and the poor fighting for democracy and better living conditions, they also represent the empty hope of the imperialist powers that this model can guarantee stability and profits. The economic crisis is looming over Europe, the Middle East and Northern Africa. The fuel to push the revolutionary processes further is still there. Turkey is more likely to move in the direction of Egypt or Tunisia than the other way round.



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NEWS

Britain: Left candidate Jeremy Corbyn re-wins Labour leadership with bigger majority
24/09/2016,


From Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales) website
:



Landslide victory another step to transforming Labour

Britain: Labour leadership election draws to a close
23/09/2016, Editorial of the Socialist (issue 917), weekly paper of the Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales)
:
Battle lines drawn: build a real mass party of the 99%

South Africa: Solidarity with students
22/09/2016, Statement of the Executive Committee of the Workers' And Socialist Party (WASP, section of the CWI in South Africa) :
Struggle for free education

Britain: Damning parliamentary report into Cameron's role in overthrowing Gaddafi
21/09/2016, Robert Bechert, CWI :
Imperialist intervention helped wreck revolutionary movement and ruin Libya

Ireland South: Irish embassies face Jobstown trial protests
20/09/2016, CWI Reporters:
Defend the right to protest – Drop the charges!

Sri Lanka: United Socialist Party congress
19/09/2016, Clare Doyle, CWI :
Lively meeting prepares membership for next period

Ireland: #JobstownNotGuilty trials begin…

19/09/2016, Paul Murphy, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland) MP
:
State criminalises right to protest

Britain: Labour Party needs democratic structures and socialist policies
16/09/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales)
:
Tremendous opportunity to bring Labour back to power but on an entirely different, attractive basis

China: Fierce clashes at “Democracy village”
14/09/2016, chinaworker.info reporters:
Protesters defy crackdown

Ireland: Dublin Bus workers move into action

13/09/2016, Councillor Michael O’Brien, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland)
:
Strike launched after years of wage restraint

Hong Kong: When Edward Snowden went underground with refugees
12/09/2016, Pasha, Socialist Action (CWI) in Hong Kong:
Socialist Action’s Vanessa gave shelter to on-the-run Snowden

Britain: Trade Union Congress 2016

11/09/2016, Rob Williams, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) industrial organiser
:
Organise mass working class resistance to austerity

Hong Kong: Elections redraw political map
10/09/2016, Dikang, Socialist Action (CWI) in Hong Kong :
Legco elections see record turnout and big swing towards ‘radical’ newcomers

Britain: Break with Blairites essential to defeating divided Tories

09/09/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, issue 915, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales)
:
Huge potential for a bold, socialist Labour party

Uzbekistan: President Karimov, the butcher of Andijan, dies
08/09/2016, Rob Jones, CWI, Moscow :
West seeks “stability” under brutal dictatorship

Video: Irish Socialist MPs on Apple tax scandal
08/09/2016, socialistworld.net:
Socialist industrial policy argued for in parilament by Paul Murphy, Ruth Coppinger and Mick Barry

Quebec: Montreal Old Port strikers reject wage offer
07/09/2016, Interview with a striker :
Solidarity needed for struggle for a $15 minimum wage

Australia: Weak government has no mandate
05/09/2016, Editorial comment from the September 2016 edition of The Socialist
(journal of the CWI Australia) :
Time for the unions and social movements to push back

Pakistan: Teachers continue to be victimised in Sindh
03/09/2016, CWI reporters, Sindh:
Solidarity protests needed

India: Mass general strike across the country
02/09/2016, New Socialist Alternative (CWI in India):
Fight must go on for minimum wage and against labour law ‘reform’

Ireland: The €13 billion question
02/09/2016, Cillian Gillespie, Socialist Party (CWI Ireland) :
Government supports Apple’s tax dodging

Britain: Labour right’s purges and exclusions
31/08/2016, Editorial of the Socialist, paper of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
We must fight for a party for the 99%

Congo: General strike results in "villes mortes"
30/08/2016, Per-Åke Westerlund, Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna (CWI Sweden) :
Boiling anger as Kabila tries to cling to power

Environment: Green China to save the world?
29/08/2016, Pete Dickinson, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Article published in latest edition of Socialism Today

Scotland: Will the Corbyn uprising save Scottish Labour?
27/08/2016, Philip Stott, Socialist Party Scotland (CWI) :
Lessons of indyref and need for active anti-cuts policies

Greece: Athens bus cleaners win major victory
26/08/2016, Interview with Eleni Mitsou (Xekinima - CWI Greece) and Apostolis Cassimere’s (Board Member of OASA - Athens Bus Workers’ Union):
Struggle achieves public contracts for 100s cleaning workers

CWI Comment and Analysis

ANALYSIS

Leon Trotsky’s living legacy
21/09/2016, Peter Taaffe, general secretary of the Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales) :
Review of "The Life and Death of Leon Trotsky", published in the latest issue of Socialism Today

Britain: Corbyn's Brexit opportunity
06/09/2016, Clive Heemskerk, from Socialism Today, September 2016 issue (monthly magazine of the Socialist Party - CWI England & Wales) :
Socialist, internationalist policies can rally both Leave and Remain voters

Germany: Growing crises and the Left party
03/09/2016, Wolfram Klein (SAV – CWI Germany) :
War, refugees and global economic disaster knocking on Germany's door

Brazil: Impeachment farce only serves big capital
02/09/2016, LSR (CWI in Brazil) statement:
Temer out! General elections now! General strike to defend our rights!

France: Burkini ban fuels Islamophobia
30/08/2016, Judy Beishon, from The Socialist (weekly paper of the Socialist Party, CWI England & Wales):
For workers’ unity and struggle against racism, division and austerity

Book review: Iraq, IS and the failing war on terror
28/08/2016, Manny Thain, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales), from the September edition of Socialism Today:
Published earlier this year before the Chilcot report was finally released, Blood Year by counter-insurgency strategist David Kilcullen is a damning indictment of the so-called war on terror unleased by US imperialism in 2001, with the full support of Tony Blair.

Haiti: 225th anniversary of anti-slavery, anti-colonial revolution
27/08/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
A heroic and lasting inspiration to the oppressed everywhere

Russia: Twenty five years since the coup against Gorbachev
25/08/2016, Rob Jones, CWI in Russia :
Decades of ‘shock therapy capitalism’, wars and corruption

Middle East: ISIS’ waning “caliphate”
20/08/2016, Serge Jordan, CWI:
Imperialist solutions are no solution at all

Russia: Twenty fifth anniversary of attempted coup
19/08/2016, Clare Doyle, International Secretariat of the CWI:
Attempted Stalinist counter-revolution speeds up capitalist counter-revolution

US: Trump in trouble
17/08/2016, Tom Crean, Socialist Alternative, USA:
Political polarisation deepens

Britain: The Corbyn insurgency 2.0
15/08/2016, Hannah Sell, Socialist Party (CWI in England & Wales):
Now let’s finish the job

CWI Summer School: Economic instability, inter-imperialist tensions, workers struggles’ and political earthquakes
03/08/2016, James McCabe, Socialist Party (CWI in Ireland):
Report of the discussion on world perspectives at the recent CWI Summer School

Germany: ‘Brexit’ and the German Left
30/07/2016, Sascha Stanicic, Sozialistische Alternative (CWI in Germany):
Reject the bosses’ EU! For a Europe of working people - a voluntary socialist federation

US: A call to action
27/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the US):
Walk out from the Democratic National Convention!

CWI Summer School: Europe in the aftermath of the Brexit shock
26/07/2016, Kevin Parslow, Socialist Party (CWI England & Wales):
Continent enters new phase of political and economic crises

US: Bernie Abandons 'the Revolution’
14/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist councillor Seattle City :
Time to back Green candidate Jill Stein

Australia: Close election result - A crisis for the establishment
08/07/2016, Socialist Party (CWI Australia) statement :
To fight anti-working class measures, we must build a socialist alternative

History: 1936 - Spain’s revolutionary promise
06/07/2016, Tony Saunois, from Socialism Today (July/August 2016):
Working class and peasants rose up against capitalist exploitation, poverty and fascism

US: Beyond Bernie
01/07/2016, Kshama Sawant, Socialist Alternative (CWI in the USA):
Still not with her

Britain: Referendum revolt
27/06/2016, Peter Taaffe, from Socialism Today (issue No.200, July-August 2016):
Capitalist establishment shattered

Asia: Conflict in the South China Sea
16/06/2016, This is an abridged version of an article by Vincent Kolo, originally published on chinaworker.info.:
Territorial disputes resemble pieces on a ‘geopolitical chessboard’ as the US and China struggle for hegemony in Asia

Middle East: ISIS under pressure on several fronts
15/06/2016, Niall Mulholland, CWI:
Working classes, through bitterest of experiences, will take to road of mass struggle again

EU: Left parties turning against bosses’ Europe
10/06/2016, Danny Byrne, CWI:
Progress in Portugal and Spain, confusion in Britain

Muhammad Ali: A fighter who inspired millions
09/06/2016, Hugo Pierre, Socialism Today (originally published in 2003):
Establishment forced to incorporate his legend into re-writing of history